India ranks 131 in Human Development Index 2020

According to the report released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), India has been dropped two spots to 131 among 189 countries in the 2020 Human Development Index.

According to the report:

  • Norway topped the index, followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong and Iceland, the report showed.
  • Niger is the lowest ranked country at 189, placed among Low human development category, with a score of 0.394.
  • India(131), Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142), and Pakistan (154) were ranked among countries with medium human development.
  • In the BRICS grouping, Russia was 52 in the human development index, Brazil 84, and China 85.

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Facts related to India:

  • Between 1990 and 2019, India’s life expectancy at birth increased by 11.8 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.5 years, and expected years of schooling increased by 4.5 years.
  • India’s GNI per capita increased by about 273.9% between 1990 and 2019. Life expectancy for Indian’s at birth was 69.7 years in 2019, slightly lower than the south Asian average of 69.9 years, but slightly higher than the average of medium human development index groupings in the world at 69.3 years.

What is Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index measures average achievement of the countries in 3 basic dimensions of human development i.e. life expectancy, education and per capita income.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • UNDP Headquarters: New York, New York, United States.
  • UNDP Head: Achim Steiner.
  • UNDP Founded: 22 November 1965.

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