Home   »   Important Days   »   Indian Constitution Day 2023

Indian Constitution Day 2023: Date, History, Significance & Quotes

November 26, 2023, marks the celebration of Indian Constitution Day, also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas,’ this day is celebrated to create awareness about the Indian Constitution and legacy of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of Indian Constitution. This significant day commemorates the adoption of the constitution of India by the Constituent Assembly in 1949, which came into effect on January 26, 1950. The day holds immense importance in promoting constitutional values among citizens and creating awareness about the constitution’s significance and its chief architect, Dr. B.R. Ambedakr.

Indian Constitution Day 2023 – History

After gaining independence, the Constituent Assembly, comprised of 299 elected members, played a pivotal role in shaping the destiny of the nation. On November 26, 1949, the assembly adopted the present-day Constitution, which later came into effect on January 26, 1950. The drafting committee, led by B.R. Ambedkar, meticulously crafted the constitution, ensuring it reflected the diverse ethos of the nation.

Architects of the Constitution

The drafting committee, consisting of eminent personalities like Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyra, N Gopalswami, K.M. Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla, B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan, collaborated to fine-tune the initial draft prepared by Benegal Narsing Rau. The contributions of these visionaries laid the foundation for a robust constitutional framework.

Inauguration of Constitution Day of India

Until 2015, this day was recognized as Law Day in India. In 2015, on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar, the Union government declared November 26 as Constitution Day. the primary objective was to encourage citizens to uphold and follow the constitutional values in their daily lives, fostering a deeper understanding of the principles that guide the nation.

India’s Constitution Day – Significance

The primary significance of Constitution Day lies in acknowledging and celebrating the foundational documental that guides the world’s largest democracy. The constitution embodies collective aspirations, principles and rights of the Indian people. The day is a reminder of the meticulous efforts that went into the formation of this living document that continues to shape the nation’s destiny.

Tribute to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s role in shaping the Constitution is pivotal. As the chief architect, he played a crucial part in drafting and refining the document, ensuring it reflected the democratic and egalitarian values India aspired to uphold. Constitution Day serves as India to his monumental legacy, recognizing his vision for an inclusive and just society.

Key Facts About the Indian Constitution

  1. The Indian Constitution holds the distinction of being the world’s largest written constitution, comprising 448 articles, 12 schedules and 105 amendments.
  2. B.R. Ambedkar, affectionately known as Father of Indian Constitution,’ chaired the drafting committee and played a pivotal role in shaping its contours.
  3. The Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, delineating the powers and responsibilities of the three branches of government: the legislature, executive and judiciary.
  4. Ensuring justice and liberty for all citizens, the Constitution guarantees fundamental rights, including freedom of speech, equality before the law and the right to life and personal liberty.
  5. The Constitution establishes a parliamentary form of government, with the Prime Minister heading the government and the President serving as the head of state.
  6. Recognizing India’s linguistic diversity, the Constitution acknowledges 22 languages as official, with Hindi and English designated as the official languages of the Union.

Quotes for India’s Constitution Day 2023

  1. “For A Successful Revolution It Is Not Enough That There Is Discontent. What Is Required Is A Profound And Thorough Conviction Of The Justice, Necessity And Importance Of Political And Social Rights.”
  2. “Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is a more courageous man than a politician who defies Government.”
  3. “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.”
  4. “Law and order are the medicine of the body politic and when the body politic gets sick, medicine must be administered.”
  5. “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.”
  6. “Democracy is not merely a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living, of conjoint communicated experience. It is essentially an attitude of respect and reverence towards fellow men.”
  7. “Constitution is not a mere lawyers’ document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age.”
  8. “Freedom of mind is the real freedom. A person whose mind is not free though he may not be in chains, is a slave, not a free man. One whose mind is not free, though he may not be in prison, is a prisoner and not a free man. One whose mind is not free though alive, is no better than dead. Freedom of mind is the proof of one’s existence.”

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. Who is known as the “Father of the Indian Constitution”?

Sol. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is known as the “father of the Indian Constitution.”

Q2. When was the Indian Constitution adopted by the Constituent Assembly?

Sol. The Indian Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, by the Constituent Assembly.

Q3. What is the significance of November 26 in India?

Sol. November 26 is celebrated as Indian Constitution Day, also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas,’ which is celebrated annually to create awareness about the Indian Constitution and legacy of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of Indian Constitution.

Q4. How many members were there in the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Indian Constitution?

Sol. The Constituent Assembly comprised 299 elected members who played a pivotal role in shaping the future of the nation.

Q5. Who chaired the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution?

Sol. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar chaired the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution.

Find More Important Days Here

Indian Constitution Day 2023: Date, History, Significance & Quotes_40.1

Indian Constitution Day 2023: Date, History, Significance & Quotes_50.1