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India’s Groundwater Crisis: How to Tackle it?

The local community is impacted by the demanding task of India’s Groundwater Crisis. Young ladies increasingly don’t want to marry guys from the village because they don’t want to spend the rest of their lives carrying water due to India’s Groundwater Crisis. As a result, many men struggle to locate wives. According to government statistics, despite recent advancements, almost 50% of rural families still do not have access to tap water because of India’s Groundwater Crisis. Water is a problem that affects more than just homes. Another enormous difficulty is ensuring that there is enough water for business and cultivation.

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India’s Groundwater Crisis: Key Points

  • According to official statistics, India accounts for over 17% of the global population but only 4% of the global freshwater resources.
  • This places it among the most water-stressed nations in the planet and raises concerns about the production of food in the future because of India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • According to a 2019 assessment from the public policy think tank NITI Aayog, water scarcity will be a significant issue for 65% of the rice- and 74% of the wheat-growing areas by 2030 due to India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • It is challenging to plan India’s water budget because of the monsoon and India’s Groundwater Crisis. The heaviest rain occurs throughout these months for roughly 25 days, and between June and September, approximately 80% of the annual precipitation falls.
  • That indicates that during the wettest rainstorms, about a fifth of the nation is vulnerable to floods.
  • In India, the issue of water scarcity is primarily related to ineffective resource management and India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • Groundwater reserves, commonly referred to as subsurface water, are also being overused and is adding to India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • In several areas of Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Karnataka, water abstraction exceeds annual replenishment.

How to tackle India’s Groundwater Crisis?

  • Better data at the national level is one method to attack the issue of India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti, the government agency in charge of managing water resources, has been collaborating on National Hydrology Projects with the World Bank (NHP) to deal with India’s Groundwater Crisis.
  • Since the middle of the 1990s, there have been two of these national programmes, and the government is currently working on the third, which will be finished in March 2024.
  • The first two initiatives aimed to set up measuring devices and compile information regarding India’s water resources. However, the projects have their limitations in dealing with India’s Groundwater Crisis, according to Subhod Yadav, joint secretary of the Jal Shakti Board.
  • India is getting over 6,000 sensors implanted to collect information on its rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. 1,600 additional sensors will monitor subsurface water.
  • All of them will be wired into the mobile phone network and broadcast data in real time, including water levels and environmental factors like rainfall, humidity, and air pressure.

Anyone can access that data on India’s Groundwater Crisis because it will be provided on a single, centralised, web-based system. Software that can analyse the data and provide decision-makers with meaningful information is being developed in the meanwhile.

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