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India’s manufacturing PMI slips to 4-month low of 55.3 in February

India’s purchasing managers’ index (PMI) declined to a 4-month low at 55.3 in February owing to a rise in input costs, according to the S&P Global India Manufacturing PMI report. In January, the manufacturing PMI stood at 55.4. The headline figure, however, remained above its long-run average of 53.7. A reading above 50 indicates an overall increase in output compared to the previous month.

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Purchasing Managers Index

Cause of The Decline of Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI):

  • Input costs in the manufacturing industry increased further, with firms mentioning higher prices for electronic components, energy, foodstuff, metals and textiles, says the report. Despite quickening to a four-month high, the rate of inflation was below its long-run average and among the weakest in over two years.
  • “Growth momentum in India’s manufacturing industry was maintained in February, with new orders and output increasing at similar rates to January. Companies were confident in the resiliency of demand and continued to add to their inventories by purchasing additional inputs. Job creation failed to gain meaningful traction, however, as firms reportedly had sufficient staff to cope with current requirements. Indeed, there was only a marginal increase in their backlogs. Suppliers also appeared to have ample capacity to accommodate for rising input demand, shown by a stabilisation in delivery times,” says Pollyanna De Lima, economics associate director at S&P Global Market Intelligence.
  • “The PMI results suggested that most of the upturn in new orders welcomed by firms was domestically driven as international sales rose at a marginal pace that was the weakest in almost a year. After slipping to a 26-month low last November, input cost inflation surged in every month since. The latest rise was historically subdued, however, and among the weakest in around two years. The survey showed some reluctance among manufacturers to pass on cost increases to clients, with output charge inflation easing since January,” Lima adds.
  • During the month under review, demand conditions and successful marketing campaigns, manufacturers experienced an increase in new work intakes. The upturn stretched the current sequence of growth to 20 months.

About Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI):

It is an index of the prevailing direction of economic trends in the manufacturing and service sectors. It is an economic indicator, which is derived after monthly surveys of different companies.

There are two types of PMI — Manufacturing PMI and Services PMI. A combined index is also made using both manufacturing PMI and services PMI.

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