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Karnataka and Gujarat Lead India’s Clean Energy Transition: Report

A recent report by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) and Ember evaluates the progress of India’s clean electricity transition at the state level. While Karnataka and Gujarat maintain strong performances, states like Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh lag behind, necessitating increased efforts for renewable energy integration and decarbonization.

Leading States and Lagging States

  • Karnataka and Gujarat continue to excel in integrating renewable energy sources and decarbonizing their power sectors.
  • Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, and Uttar Pradesh need to enhance renewable energy deployment and strengthen distribution companies.

Challenges and Opportunities

  • Cyclical weather patterns and economic growth drive increasing peak electricity demand in India.
  • States must be prepared to transition to clean energy sources to meet rising demand.

State-Level Dynamics

  • While national progress towards clean energy transition is positive, disparities exist at the state level.
  • Some states demonstrate readiness for transition but lack progress in decarbonization.

Recommendations for Acceleration

  • Strengthen state-level regulatory ecosystems to promote growth and compliance.
  • Shift focus from national to state-level studies to understand unique challenges and tailor policy interventions accordingly.

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