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Largest District in Assam, List of Districts of Assam

Assam, known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse landscapes, and tea gardens, is home to several unique districts. Among them, Karbi Anglong stands out as the largest district in the state, encompassing a blend of natural beauty, historical significance, and economic prominence. This article delves into the captivating facets of Karbi Anglong, providing a glimpse into its geographical expanse, cultural heritage, and economic contributions.

How many Districts are there in Assam?

In 2024, Assam currently comprises 31 districts, a decrease from the previous count of 35. This reduction came about following an announcement by the Assam Cabinet on December 31, 2022, wherein four newly established districts were integrated into four pre-existing ones. As a result, the total number of districts in the state was streamlined to 31.

Largest District in Assam, Name

Karbi Anglong district, nestled in the picturesque landscapes of Assam, stands as the largest administrative district in the state. With its rich cultural heritage, diverse flora and fauna, and unique history, Karbi Anglong offers a tapestry of experiences for visitors and residents alike. This article explores the various aspects of Karbi Anglong, shedding light on its geographical, historical, cultural, and economic significance.

Key Facts Related to Assam’s Largest Districts

Here are some key facts related to Karbi Anglong, the largest district of Assam:

  • Karbi Anglong District, the largest in Assam, was established in 1951 as United Mikir and North Cachar Hills District, later bifurcated into Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills, and renamed Karbi Anglong in 1976.
  • West Karbi Anglong district, formed in 2016, comprises the former Hamren Civil Sub-division and operates under the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council.
  • The district experiences diverse climates due to its varied topography, with winters lasting from October to February and summer temperatures ranging from 23°C to 32°C.
  • Predominantly tribal, the population includes Karbis, Bodos, Kukis, Dimasas, Hmars, Garos, Rengma Nagas, Tiwas, and Man (Tai Speaking) communities.
  • Karbi Anglong is rich in rivers like Dhansiri, Dikharu, Deopani, Nambor, and Jamuna, along with significant forest cover spanning 4,922.019 sq. km.
  • The highest peak is Singhason at 1360 meters above sea level, with notable minerals including limestone, china-clay, feldspar, and coal.
  • Agriculture is the primary occupation, with paddy being the main crop, cultivated mainly through the jhum system.
  • The district is well-connected by road via NH-36 and NH-39, with distances of 259 km from Guwahati and 55 km from Dimapur to Diphu.
  • The F. Railways passes through the district, touching points like Borlangphar, Langsoliet, Nilalung, Diphu, and others.
  • The nearest airport is in Dimapur, located 2 km away from Diphu.
  • Industries include the Bokajan Cement Plant, Karbi Chemical Mini Cement Plant (under construction), food processing units, rubber and citronella plantation industries, and 15 tea gardens in the district.

Largest District in Assam By Population

Nagaon stands as the largest district in Assam by population, boasting a significant populace of 2,823,768 individuals. Located in the central part of the state, Nagaon is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, diverse demographics, and historical significance. With its vibrant communities and bustling towns, Nagaon contributes significantly to the social and economic fabric of Assam.

Districts of Assam, List

Here is the list of 31 districts of Assam along with the area and population:

Districts of Assam
S. No. District Area (in sq km) Population (2011)
1) Baksa 2,457 950,075
2) Barpeta 3182 1,693,622
3) Bongaigaon 1,093 738,804
4) Cachar 3,786 1,736,319
5) Charaideo 1,069 471,418
6) Chirang 1,170 482,162
7) Darrang 1,585 928,500
8) Dhemaji 3,237 686,133
9) Dhubri 1,608 1,394,144
10) Dibrugarh 3,381 1,326,335
11) Dima Hasao 4,890 214,102
12) Goalpara 1,824 1,008,183
13) Golaghat 3,502 1,066,888
14) Hailakandi 1,327 659,296
15) Jorhat 2,851 924,952
16) Kamrup 3,105 1,517,542
17) Kamrup Metropolitan 1,528 1,253,938
18) Karbi Anglong 7,366 660,955
19) Karimganj 1,809 1,228,686
20) Kokrajhar 3,169 887,142
21) Lakhimpur 2,277 1,042,137
22) Majuli 880 167,304
23) Morigaon 1,704 957,423
24) Nagaon 3,973 2,823,768
25) Nalbari 2,257 771,639
26) Sivasagar 2,668 679,632
27) Sonitpur 3,176 1,924,110
28) South Salmara-Mankachar 568 555,114
29) Tinsukia 3,790 1,327,929
30) Udalguri 1,852 831,688
31) West Karbi Anglong 3,035 295,358

Largest District in Assam, List of Districts of Assam_40.1

FAQs

Which is the largest district in Assam?

Karbi Anglong district, nestled in the picturesque landscapes of Assam, stands as the largest district in Assam.

Which is the largest district of Assam in terms of Population?

Nagaon stands as the largest district in Assam by population, boasting a significant populace of 2,823,768 individuals.

How many districts are there in Assam?

In 2024, Assam currently comprises 31 districts, a decrease from the previous count of 35. This reduction came about following an announcement by the Assam Cabinet on December 31, 2022, wherein four newly established districts were integrated into four pre-existing ones.

Which is the smallest district in Assam?

The smallest district in Assam in terms of area is South Salmara-Mankachar, which has an area of only 568 square kilometres.