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Largest Lake in the World 2023, List of Top-10

Largest Lake in the World 2023: Lakes, the serene and captivating presents of nature, grace the Earth’s landscape with their magnificent beauty. Nestled within mountain ranges, valleys and plains, they serve as reflective mirrors of the sky and essential providers of nourishment for a wide array of living creatures. Whether they take the form of small, peaceful ponds or extensive, expansive bodies of water, these aquatic marvels play a crucial role in preserving the fragile balance of our ecosystems.

World’s Largest Lake 2023

The Caspian Sea, renowned as the largest enclosed body of water globally, boasts an expansive area of 389,000 square kilometers (150,000 square miles). Stretching over a length of 1,119 kilometers (745 miles) and reaching a depth of 1,025 meters (3,365 feet), this colossal water expanse holds a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometers (18,800 cubic miles). Positioned at the crossroads of Eastern Europe, West Asia and Central Asia, the Caspian Sea is unique in its nature, resembling both a lake and a sea.

If we talk about the second and third largest lakes of the world, they are Superior Lake and Victoria Lake with the total length of 616 km and 322 km respectively.

List of Largest Lakes in the World

The largest lake in the world is the Caspian Sea which covers an area of 389,000 sq. km and the length and depth of the lake are 1,199 km and 1,025 m respectively.

Here is the list of Top 10 Largest Lake in the world:

S. No. Name Countries with shoreline Type Area (in sq. km) Length (in km) Max. depth (in m) Volume (in cube km)
1. Caspian Sea Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Russia, Iran Saline 1.2% 389,000 1,199 km 1,025 78,200
2. Superior Lake Canada, United States Fresh 82,100 616 406 12,070
3. Victoria Lake Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya Fresh 59,940 322 81 2,420
4. Huron Lake Canada United States Fresh 59,590 332 229 3,520
5. Michigan Lake United States Fresh 58,030 494 282 4,930
6. Tanganyika Lake Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Zambia Fresh 32,900 676 1,470 18,750
7. Baikal Lake Russia Fresh 31,722 636 1,642 23,610
8. Great Bear Lake Canada Fresh 31,153 373 446 2,234
9. Malawi Lake Malawi, Mozambique Fresh 29,600 579 706 8,640
10. Great Slave Lake Canada Fresh 27,200 480 614 1,115

1. Largest Lake in the World, Caspian Sea

Caspian Sea: Geographical Facts for UPSC


  • Area: 389,000 sq. km (150,000 sq. mi)
  • Length: 1,119 km (745 sq. mi)
  • Depth: 1,025 m (3,363 sq. mi)
  • Volume: 78,200 cu. km (18,800 cu mi)
  • Location: Eastern Europe, West Asia and Central Asia

The Caspian Sea holds the title of the World’s biggest lake. Even though it is a lake it shares some characteristics with a sea, including salinity and it has an ocean basin below sea level. The lake has shorelines in many countries due to its large size such as Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. The water in the lake is brackish in some parts with high salinity, but less than an ocean.

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2. World’s Second Largest Lake: Superior Lake

Lake Superior - WorldAtlas

  • Area: 82,100 sq. km (31,700 sq. mi)
  • Length: 616 km (383 mi)
  • Depth: 406 m (1,332 feet)
  • Volume: 12,070 cube km (2,900 cu. mi)
  • Location: North America

Superior Lake is the second biggest lake in the world and has shorelines in both the United States and Canada. This lake has a massive volume that exceeds many of the other “Great Lakes” that are nearby. Superior Lake has been used for shipping for over a century.

3.     World’s Third Largest Lake: Victoria Lake

Lake Victoria | Size, Map, Countries, & Facts | Britannica

  • Area: 59,940 sq. km (23,140 sq. mi)
  • Length: 322 km (200 mi)
  • Depth: 81m (266 feet)
  • Volume: 2,420 cu. km (580 cu. mi)
  • Location: African Great Lakes

Victoria Lake is the world’s third-largest lake and the largest lake in Africa. This is a freshwater lake that has shorelines in Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. Lake Victoria was named for the British monarch and it is famous for supporting a wide variety of wildlife in the area.

4. Huron Lake

Lake Huron Climatology | GLISA

  • Area: 59,590 sq. km
  • Length: 332 km (206 mi)
  • Depth: 229 m (751 ft.)
  • Volume: 3,520 cu. km
  • Location: Canada, North America

Lake Huron, linked to Michigan via the Straits of Mackinac, ranks as the world’s 4th largest lake, 2nd largest by surface area and 3rd largest by volume among the Great Lakes. With a sprawling 3,800-mile coastline, it boasts the longest shoreline among the Great Lakes and harbors over 30,000 islands. Renowned for shipwrecks, its treacherous waters hold thousands of wrecked vessels, with Fathom Five National Marine Park alone housing 22 wreck sites.

5. Michigan Lake

Lake Michigan - Kids | Britannica Kids | Homework Help

  • Area: 58,030 sq. km
  • Length: 494 km (307 mi)
  • Depth: 282 m (925 ft.)
  • Volume: 4,930 cu. km
  • Location: United States

Lake Michigan, labelled “Great Water,” is a prominent North America Great Lake. It is unique among the Great Lakes for residing entirely within the U.S., stretching across Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin from east to west.

6. Tanganyika Lake

Lake Tanganyika | Size, Geographical Location & Wildlife | Britannica

  • Area: 32,900 sq. km
  • Length: 676 km (420 mi)
  • Depth: 1,470 m (4,820 ft.)
  • Volume: 18,750 cu. km
  • Location: Tanzania, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia

Lake Tanganyika, part of Africa’s Great Lakes, fittingly named for its vastness, translate to ‘the great lake spreading out like a plain.’ It claims titles as the world’s longest, second oldest and second deepest freshwater lake. Second largest in volume as well, it spans Tanzania, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia, ultimately flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.

7. Baikal Lake

Lake Baikal | Location, Depth, Map, & Facts | Britannica

  • Area: 31,722 sq. km
  • Length: 636 km (395 mi)
  • Depth: 1,642 m (5,387 ft.)
  • Volume: 23,610 cu. km
  • Location: Russia

Lake Baikal, located in Russia, reigns as Earth’s largest lake by volume. Plummeting to a depth of 1,632 meters, it holds dual records as the world’s deepest and oldest lake, prompting debates on its classification as a sea. Unique oxygenation supports life at profound depths, boasting around 1,700 plant and animals species. The lake embraces 27 islands, mainly inhabited and numerous inflowing streams. The Angara River flows out, journeying to the Arctic Ocean. Lake Baikal is one of the clearest lakes on Earth, filled with snowmelt from the Siberian mountains.

8. Great Bear Lake

Great Bear Lake - Wikipedia

  • Area: 31,153 sq. km
  • Length: 373 km (232 mi)
  • Depth: 446 m (1,463 ft.)
  • Volume: 2,234 cu. km
  • Location: Canada

Great Bear Lake, situated within Canada’s Northwest Territories on the Arctic Circle, holds the title of world’s eighth largest lake. It claims distinction as Canada’s largest freshwater lake confined entirely within its borders and as North America’s fourth-largest. Plummeting to depths of 440 meters, it’s embraced by boreal forest and tundra, its waters renowned for exceptional clarity.

9. Malawi Lake

Lake Nyasa - Kids | Britannica Kids | Homework Help

  • Area: 29,600 sq. km
  • Length: 579 km (360 mi)
  • Depth: 706 m (2,316 ft.)
  • Volume: 8,640 cu. km
  • Location: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

Lake Malawi or Lake Nyasa, stretching across Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique along Africa’s East Coast, stands as the third largest lake on the African continent. A distinguished member of the African Great Lakes, this expansive body of water holds numerous distinctions.  Lake Malawi ranks fourth globally in volume, ninth in area and second-deepest in Africa. It hosts an array of life, notably a multitude of cichlid fish species, surpassing any other known lake. While certain areas permit fishing, several sections are designated as marine reserves to safeguard these unique creatures.

10. Great Slave Lake

Pine Point, Northwest Territories - Wikipedia

  • Area: 27,200 sq. km
  • Length: 480 km (300 mi)
  • Depth: 614 m (2,014 ft.)
  • Volume: 1,115 cu. km
  • Location: Canada

Great Slave Lake, second-largest in Canada’s Northwest Territories, only bows to Great Bear Lake. Plummeting to a staggering 600-meter depth, it claims North America’s deepest lake title. Spanning about 300 miles in length and over 100 miles in width, it ranks as the world’s tenth largest lake.


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Which is the largest lake in the world?

The largest lake in the world is Caspian Sea which covers an area of 389,000 sq. km and the length and depth of the lake is 1,199 km and 1,025 m respectively.

Which is the second largest lake in the world?

Superior Lake is the second biggest lake of the world and has shorelines in both the United States and Canada which covers an area of about 82,100 sq. km.

Which holds the title of largest lake by volume?

Lake Baikal in Russia is the largest lake on Earth by volume. With a depth of 1,642 meters, it also ranks as the world’s deepest and oldest lake, accommodating a unique ecosystem.

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