Chief Justice of India
The Chief Justice of India is the head of the judicial system in India. A chief Justice of India is the head of the Supreme court and the person responsible for the allocation of cases. Chief Justice of India allocates the respective matters of relevance to the bench of judges under Article 145 of the constitution of India.
The First Chief Justice of the supreme court of India after Independence was H. J. Kania. His tenure started from 26th January 1950 to 6th November 1951. The first female Chief Justice of the supreme court in India was Fatima Beevi, appointed in 1989. The current Chief Justice of India is Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud who was appointed by the Government of India on 9th November 2022.
List of Chief Justice of India
The below list will give you details about all Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India after independence along with their tenure and the Presidents they have worked under. The current Chief Justice of India is Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud who was appointed by the Government of India on 9th November 2022.
|Chief Justice of India||Tenure||Presidents|
|H.J Kania||26 January 1950||6 November 1951||Rajendra Prasad|
|M. Patanjali Sastri||7 November 1951||3 January 1954||Rajendra Prasad|
|Mehr Chand Mahajan||4 January 1954||22 December 1954||Rajendra Prasad|
|Bijan Kumar Mukherjee||23 December 1954||31 January 1956||Rajendra Prasad|
|Sudhi Ranjan Das||1 February 1956||30 September 1959||Rajendra Prasad|
|Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha||1 October 1959||31 January 1964||Rajendra Prasad|
|P.B. Gajendragadkar||1 February 1964||15 March 1966||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
|Amal Kumar Sarkar||16 March 1966||29 June 1966||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
|Koka Subba Rao||30 June 1966||11 April 1967||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
|Kailas Nath Wanchoo||12 April 1967||24 February 1968||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
|Mohammad Hidayatullah||25 February 1968||16 December 1970||Zakir Husain|
|Jayantital Chhotalal Shah||17 December 1970||21 January 1971||V.V. Giri|
|Sarv Mittra Sikri||22 January 1971||25 April 1973||V.V. Giri|
|A.N. Ray||26 April 1973||27 January 1977||V.V. Giri|
|Mirza Hameedullah Beg||29 January 1977||21 February 1978||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed|
|Y.V. Chandrachud||22 February 1978||11 July 1985||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy|
|P.N. Bhagwati||12 July 1985||20 December 1986||Zali Singh|
|Raghunandan Swarup Pathak||21 December 1986||18 June 1989||Zali Singh|
|Engalaguppe Seetharamaiah Venkataramiah||19 June 1989||17 December 1989||Ramaswamy Venkataraman|
|Sabyasachi Mukharji||18 December 1989||25 September 1990||Ramaswamy Venkataraman|
|Ranganath Misra||26 September 1990||24 November 1991||Ramaswamy Venkataraman|
|Kamal Narain Singh||25 November 1991||12 December 1991||Ramaswamy Venkataraman|
|Madhukar Hiralal Kania||13 December 1991||17 November 1992||Ramaswamy Venkataraman|
|Lalit Mohan Sharma||18 November 1992||11 February 1993||Shankar Dayal Sharma|
|M.N. Venkatachaliah||12 February 1993||24 October 1994||Shankar Dayal Sharma|
|Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi||25 October 1994||24 March 1997||Shankar Dayal Sharma|
|J.S. Verma||25 March 1997||17 January 1998||Shankar Dayal Sharma|
|Madan Mohan Punchhi||18 January 1998||9 October 1998||K.R. Narayanan|
|Adarsh Sein Anand||10 October 1998||31 October 2001||K.R. Narayanan|
|Sam Piroj Bharucha||1 November 2001||5 may 2002||K.R. Narayanan|
|Bhupinder Nath Kirpal||6 May 2002||7 November 2002||K.R. Narayanan|
|Gopal Ballav Pattanaik||8 November 2002||18 December 2002||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|V.N. Khare||19 December 2002||1 May 2004||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|S. Rajendra Babu||2 May 2004||31 May 2004||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|Ramesh Chandra Lahoti||1 June 2004||31 October 2005||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal||1 November 2005||13 January 2007||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|K.G. Balakrishnan||14 January 2007||12 May 2010||A.P.J Abdul Kalam|
|S.H. Kapadia||12 May 2010||28 September 2012||Pratibha Patil|
|Altamas Kabir||29 September 2012||18 July 2013||Pranab Mukherjee|
|P. Sathasivam||19 July 2013||26 April 2014||Pranab Mukherjee|
|Rajendra Mal Lodha||27 April 2014||27 September 2014||Pranab Mukherjee|
|H.L. Dattu||28 September 2014||2 December 2015||Pranab Mukherjee|
|T.S. Thakur||3 December 2015||3 January 2017||Pranab Mukherjee|
|Jagdish Singh Khehar||4 January 2017||27 August 2017||Pranab Mukherjee|
|Dipak Misra||28 August 2017||2 October 2018||Ram Nath Kovind|
|Ranjan Gogoi||3 October 2018||17 November 2019||Ram Nath Kovind|
|Sharad Arvind Bobde||18 November 2019||23 April 2021||Ram Nath Kovind|
|NV Ramana||23 April 2021||26 August 2022||Ram Nath Kovind|
|U.U. Lalit||27 August 2022||8 November 2022||Ram Nath Kovind|
|Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud||9 November 2022||Incumbent||Ram Nath Kovind|
CJI – Important Pointer
- The President of India appoints the Chief Justice of India, who can serve until the age of 65 and can only be removed through parliamentary impeachment. The Chief Justice submits resignation to the President, who administers the oath. The Chief Justice receives a monthly salary of Rs.280,000, governed by Article 125 of the Constitution.
- The inaugural Chief Justice, Sir Maurice Gwyer, served from October 1, 1937, to April 25, 1943, before independence. Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania became the first Indian Chief Justice. Kamal Narain Singh held the position for the briefest period, just 17 days in November-December 1991, while Justice Y. V. Chandrachud holds the record for the longest tenure at 2696 days.
- The current Chief Justice, Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde, is the 47th in office. Fatimah Beevi made history as the first woman Supreme Court Judge, serving from October 6, 1989, to April 29, 1992.
- As of November 2022, India has 27 Supreme Court judges, including the Chief Justice, with a sanctioned strength of 34.
FAQs related to Chief Justice of India
1. How is the chief justice e of India appointed?
Ans. The chief justice of India is appointed by the President of India after the consultation of judges of the supreme court and the high court.
2. Who is the shortest serving Chief Justice of India?
Ans. Kamal Narain Singh was the shortest serving Chief Justice of India. He held the shortest serving for 17 days from 21 November 1991 to 12th December 1991.
3. Who is the longest serving Chief Justice of India?
Ans. Y.V.longest-serving the longest-serving Chief Justice of India. He served for 7 years from 22 February 1978 to 11 July 1985.