December 6, 2023, marks the Mahaparinirvan Diwas 2023, commemorating the death anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a towering figure in the Indian history. As the architect of the Indian Constitution and a champion of social justice, his contributions have left an indelible mark on the nation. This article explores the significance of Mahaparinirvan Diwas and delves into the life and contributions of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
What is Mahaparinirvan Diwas?
The term Mahaparinirvan derives its significance from Buddhism’s fundamental concept of Parinirvana. This state symbolizes the attainment of nirvana, freedom both in life and after death. In the context of Dr. Ambedkar, his embrace of Buddhism and renunciation of Hinduism align with the principles of Parinirvana. The use of the term Mahaparinirvan Diwas to mark his death underscores his stature as a revered Buddhist leader. The article sheds light on the historical and philosophical underpinnings of Mahaparinirvan.
Who is Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of the Indian Constitution and Independent India’s first Law Minister, was a multifaceted leader known for his tireless efforts against untouchability. In 1947, he established the ‘Drafting Committee’ to present the final constitution draft. His leadership and commitment to social reform are encapsulated in his significant role in shaping India’s constitutional framework.
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Contribution to India’s Development
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s legacy is not confined to a single aspect but encompasses a multifaceted contribution to India’s development. This section highlights key aspects of his work:
- Flight Against Untouchability: Ambedkar’s early experiences of discrimination fueled his lifelong commitment to eradicating untouchability. The article explores the roots of his activism and the formation of organizations like the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha to address the issues faced by the untouchables.
- Advocacy for Equality: Ambedkar’s relentless campaigns against untouchability extended to securing equal access to resources. His efforts to ensure Dalit’s access to water supply and challenge discriminatory practices in temples underscore his commitment to social justice.
- Poona Pact and Political Representative: The signing of the Poona Pact in 1932, securing reserved seats for oppressed classes in the legislature, is a pivotal moment in Ambedkar’s political journey.
- Critique of the Caste System: Ambedkar’s writings, particularly “Annihilation of Caste,” reveal his vehement opposition to the Hindu caste system.
- Architect of the Indian Constitution: As the chairman of the committee that drafted the Indian Constitution, Ambedkar played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s foundational document. His insights into law and justice were further manifested when he became the country’s first minister of Law and justice.
- Conversion to Buddhism: On October 14, 1956, Ambedkar decided to covert to Buddhism and it also impacted his followers. This transformative moment is contextualized within the border narrative of his life and mission.
Quotes By Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
- “Equality may be a fiction but nonetheless one must accept it as a governing principle.” – BR Ambedkar.
- “Law and order are the medicine of the body politic and when the body politic gets sick, medicine must be administered.”- BR Ambedkar
- “I do not want that our loyalty as Indians should be in the slightest way affected by any competitive loyalty whether that loyalty arises out of our religion, out of our culture or out of our language. I want all people to be Indians first, Indian last and nothing else but Indians.”- BR Ambedkar
- “Men are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise, both will wither and die.”
- “Caste is not a physical object like a wall of bricks or a line of barbed wire which prevents the Hindus from co-mingling and which has, therefore, to be pulled down. Caste is a notion; it is a state of the mind.” – BR Ambedkar.
- “A great man is different from an eminent one in that he is ready to be the servant of society.”- BR Ambedkar.
- “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.”- BR Ambedkar.
- “Cultivation of mind should be the ultimate aim of human existence”. – BR Ambedkar.
Important Questions Related to Exams
Q1. What is the significance of Mahaparinirvan Diwas and why is it observed on December 6?
Sol. Mahaparinirvan Diwas commemorates the death anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, highlighting his role as the architect of the Indian Constitution and his contributions to social justice.
Q2. Name one organization founded by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to address issues faced by untouchables?
Sol. Dr. Ambedkar established the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha in 1924 to address the concerns of untouchables.
Q3. What key achievements is associated with the Poona Pact of 1932?
Sol. The Poona Pact secured reserved seats in the legislature for oppressed classes, marking a pivotal moment in Ambedkar’s political journey.