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National Coal Index Dips 4.75% In Dec, 2023

The National Coal Index (Provisional) has shown a significant decline of 4.75% in December 2023 at 155.44 points compared to December 2022, where it was at 163.19 points. This notable decrease indicates sufficient availability of coal in the market to meet the growing demands.

Understanding the National Coal Index (NCI)

  • The NCI is a price index that combines coal prices from all sales channels, viz. Notified Prices, Auction Prices, and Import Prices.
  • It considers prices of coking and non-coking coal of various grades transacted in the regulated (power and fertilizer) and non-regulated sectors.

Reliability and Significance

  • Established with the base year as FY 2017-18, NCI serves as a reliable indicator of market dynamics, providing valuable insights into price fluctuations.
  • The peak of NCI was observed in June 2022 when the index reached 238.83 points, but subsequent months have experienced a decline, indicative of abundant availability of coal in the Indian market.

Implications of Auction Premium

  • Additionally, the premium on coal auctions indicates the pulse of the industry.
  • The sharp decline in coal auction premium confirms sufficient coal availability in the market.

Growth in Coal Production

  • The impressive growth of 10.74% in the country’s coal production during Dec’23 as compared to the corresponding period of last year ensures a stable supply for various sectors reliant on coal.
  • It significantly contributes to the overall energy security of the nation.

A More Equitable Market

  • The downward trajectory of the NCI signifies a more equitable market, harmonizing supply and demand dynamics.
  • With sufficient coal availability, the nation can not only address burgeoning demands but also underpin its long-term energy requisites, thereby fortifying a more resilient and sustainable coal industry and fostering a prosperous future for the nation.



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