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Over 24.8 Crore Indians Escape Multidimensional Poverty in 9 Years: NITI Aayog Report Reveals

In a significant stride towards poverty alleviation, a recent NITI Aayog report reveals that 24.82 crore people in India have successfully moved out of multidimensional poverty from 2013-14 to 2022-23. The decline is remarkable, dropping from 29.17% to 11.28% during this period. The multidimensional poverty index assesses deprivations across health, education, and standard of living using 12 sustainable development goals-aligned indicators.

State-Level Progress: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh Lead the Way

At the state level, Uttar Pradesh takes the lead with 5.94 crore people escaping poverty, followed by Bihar at 3.77 crore and Madhya Pradesh at 2.30 crore. All 12 indicators, encompassing nutrition, mortality rates, education, and more, witnessed significant improvements.

Accelerated Decline: India Aims for Single-Digit Poverty Rates by 2024

NITI Aayog member Ramesh Chand highlights the accelerated pace of poverty reduction, translating to 2.75 crore people escaping multidimensional poverty annually. The government is committed to bringing multidimensional poverty below 1%, with efforts directed towards this ambitious goal.

Sustainable Development Goals: India on Track for Early Achievement

The report suggests that India is poised to achieve Sustainable Development Goals, particularly SDG 1.2 (reducing multidimensional poverty by at least half), well before the 2030 deadline. The accelerated decline is attributed to various government initiatives targeting specific deprivation aspects.

Future Outlook: India Set to Reach Single-Digit Poverty Levels by 2024

Anticipating a continued positive trajectory, the report envisions India reaching single-digit poverty levels by 2024. The paper underscores the government’s commitment and the impact of targeted initiatives in driving this transformative change.

Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams

  1. Multidimensional Poverty Decline: India witnesses a substantial reduction in multidimensional poverty, dropping from 29.17% to 11.28% between 2013-14 and 2022-23.
  2. State Achievements: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh lead the states in poverty alleviation, with 24.82 crore people escaping poverty.
  3. Accelerated Pace: NITI Aayog reports a noteworthy yearly escape rate of 2.75 crore people from multidimensional poverty.
  4. Government Commitment: The Indian government aims to bring multidimensional poverty below 1%, with targeted efforts in this direction.
  5. Sustainable Development Goals: India is on track to achieve SDG 1.2 well before the 2030 deadline.
  6. Future Outlook: India anticipates reaching single-digit poverty levels by 2024, emphasizing sustained positive trends and transformative government initiatives.

Important Questions Related to Exams

  1. What is the trend in India’s multidimensional poverty reduction from 2013-14 to 2022-23?
  2. Which three states have shown the highest success in poverty alleviation according to the NITI Aayog report?
  3. What are the three dimensions considered in the national multidimensional poverty index (MPI) and how are they measured?
  4. What is the annual rate of people escaping multidimensional poverty according to NITI Aayog?
  5. What is the government’s goal regarding multidimensional poverty, and what steps are being taken to achieve it?
  6. How many sustainable development goals-aligned indicators are used in assessing multidimensional poverty in India?

Kindly share your responses in the comment section!!

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