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Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana: Empowering Motherhood

Why the Scheme is in News?

The new initiative of celebrating the ‘Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana’ as the ‘God Bharai’ ceremony in Dausa, Rajasthan has received praise from the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi.

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According to a tweet thread by Smt Jaskaur Meena, a Member of Parliament from Dausa, Rajasthan, the ‘Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana’ scheme is celebrated as the ‘God Bharai’ ceremony in Dausa. During this ceremony, all pregnant women come together and receive a ‘Poshan Kit’ for the well-being of their babies.

Smt Jaskaur Meena also mentioned that in the year 2022-23, around 3.5 lakh women in Rajasthan alone have benefited from this scheme.

Introduction

In a remarkable effort to address the welfare of pregnant and lactating mothers, the Government of India launched the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) in January 2017. This flagship maternity benefit program aims to provide financial support and essential services to ensure a healthy and secure environment for both the mother and child during the crucial period of pregnancy and lactation. With its comprehensive approach, PMMVY has been instrumental in empowering millions of women across the nation, promoting their well-being, and fostering a brighter future for their children.

About Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana is a transformative initiative that recognizes the importance of supporting pregnant and lactating women in India. By providing financial assistance and promoting access to healthcare services, the scheme aims to improve maternal and child health outcomes. The funding pattern, with contributions from both the central and state governments, ensures the scheme’s effective implementation and reach across the country. PMMVY stands as a testament to the government’s commitment to the well-being of women and children, fostering a healthier and more empowered society.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana: Objectives and Key Features

The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana is designed to achieve multiple objectives, focusing on the overall welfare of women during pregnancy and lactation. Some key features and objectives of the scheme include:

1. Financial Assistance: Under PMMVY, eligible women receive a direct cash transfer of Rs. 5,000 in three installments. The first installment of Rs. 1,000 is provided upon registration during the early stages of pregnancy, the second installment of Rs. 2,000 is given after at least one antenatal check-up, and the final installment of Rs. 2,000 is provided after the birth of the child and the completion of immunization and other essential documentation.

2. Maternal Healthcare Services: PMMVY focuses on improving maternal healthcare by encouraging women to seek antenatal and postnatal care. By providing financial incentives, the scheme aims to reduce the instances of maternal and neonatal mortality, ensuring healthier outcomes for both mothers and their children.

3. Nutrition and Hygiene: The scheme promotes good nutrition and hygiene practices during pregnancy and lactation. It emphasizes the consumption of balanced diets, iron and folic acid supplementation, and the importance of breastfeeding, which contributes to the overall well-being and development of the child.

4. Behavioral Change: PMMVY also endeavors to bring about behavioral changes in communities by creating awareness about the significance of maternal health. It emphasizes the importance of institutional deliveries, regular check-ups, and proper nutrition, thereby reducing the prevalence of high-risk pregnancies and ensuring a safe and healthy environment for mother and child.

PMMVY: Implementation and Coverage

PMMVY is implemented at the national level by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with the respective state governments and union territories. It targets pregnant women and lactating mothers, aged 19 years or above, for the first living child. The scheme covers all eligible women, regardless of their marital status, employment, or educational background.

The implementation process involves the registration of pregnant women at the nearest Anganwadi center or approved healthcare facility. The required documents, such as a copy of the mother’s Aadhaar card, a pregnancy registration card, and a bank or post office account passbook, are submitted for verification. After the completion of the necessary checks, the eligible women receive the financial assistance as per the prescribed schedule.

PMMVY: Impact and Way Forward

Since its inception, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana has made significant strides in improving maternal and child health outcomes in India. By providing financial support and promoting essential healthcare services, the scheme has positively impacted the lives of millions of women across the country. It has contributed to the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality rates, increased the utilization of antenatal and postnatal care services, and enhanced awareness regarding proper nutrition and hygiene practices.

To further strengthen the impact of PMMVY, it is crucial to focus on expanding its reach to remote and marginalized communities, ensuring effective implementation at the grassroots level, and monitoring the utilization of funds to achieve maximum benefit. Collaborative efforts between the central and state governments,

healthcare institutions, and community organizations can help overcome challenges and drive the program’s success.

PMMVY: Beneficiaries of PMMVY

The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana primarily targets pregnant and lactating women who fall under the below poverty line (BPL) category. The scheme covers all states and union territories across India, ensuring that women from various socio-economic backgrounds benefit from its provisions. It recognizes the critical importance of prenatal and postnatal care and aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates by providing financial aid to eligible beneficiaries.

Under PMMVY, women who meet the following criteria are eligible to receive benefits:

  1. Pregnant women: The scheme provides financial assistance of Rs. 5,000 in three installments directly to pregnant women. The first installment of Rs. 1,000 is provided upon registration of pregnancy, the second installment of Rs. 2,000 is given after at least one antenatal check-up, and the third installment of Rs. 2,000 is provided after the child’s birth and the completion of the first cycle of immunization.
  2. Lactating women: In addition to the assistance provided during pregnancy, lactating women receive an additional Rs. 1,000 for the child’s first six months, primarily to support their nutritional needs.

Funding Pattern of PMMVY

The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana is a centrally sponsored scheme, with the funding shared between the Government of India and the state governments. The funding pattern is as follows:

  1. Central government contribution: The central government contributes 60% of the total cost of the scheme. This funding covers the financial assistance provided to eligible beneficiaries, administrative costs, monitoring, and evaluation.
  2. State government contribution: The state governments contribute the remaining 40% of the scheme’s cost. They are responsible for implementing the scheme at the grassroots level, ensuring smooth disbursement of funds, and creating awareness among the eligible beneficiaries.

Benefits of PMMVY

The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana has had a significant impact on improving maternal and child healthcare in India. Some of the key benefits and impacts of the scheme include:

  1. Financial support: PMMVY provides crucial financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women, enabling them to meet their nutritional needs, access healthcare services, and ensure better care for themselves and their babies.
  2. Encouraging institutional deliveries: The scheme has contributed to an increase in institutional deliveries, as the financial assistance acts as an incentive for women to seek appropriate medical care during childbirth.
  3. Reduction in maternal and infant mortality rates: By ensuring proper antenatal and postnatal care, PMMVY aims to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates. The scheme’s emphasis on immunization and nutrition contributes to the overall health and well-being of mothers and children.
  4. Empowering women: PMMVY empowers women by providing them with financial independence and enabling them to make informed decisions about their health and the health of their children.

PMMVY: Vision

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana has emerged as a game-changer in promoting the health and well-being of pregnant and lactating mothers in India. By providing financial assistance, healthcare services, and creating awareness, the scheme has empowered women and fostered a nurturing environment for the next generation. As the nation moves forward, sustaining and expanding such comprehensive initiatives will be crucial to ensuring a brighter future for mothers and their children, building a healthier and more prosperous India.

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