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Progress Under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

Overview of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was introduced on July 1st, 2015
  • The primary objective of the yojana was to enhance water availability on farmlands, expanding cultivable areas with assured irrigation, improving on-farm water use efficiency, and advocating sustainable water conservation practices.
  • The scheme places significant emphasis on the conservation and effective management of water resources.

Components of  Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

PMKSY consists of 4 major components implemented by various ministries.

The Ministry of Jal Shakti implements two main components:

1.Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP)”

2.Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)”.

“HKKP” consists of four sub-components:

  • Command Area Development (CAD)
  • Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI) Repair
  • Renovation, and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies
  • Groundwater Development

The Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, handles the

3.Watershed Development” component (WDC)

The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare manages the

4.”Per Drop More Crop (PDMC)” component.

Here is the information presented in a tabular format:

Component Implementing Ministry/Department
1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) Ministry of Jal Shakti
2. Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP) Ministry of Jal Shakti
– Command Area Development (CAD)
– Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI)
– Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR)
of Water Bodies
– Groundwater Development
3. Watershed Development (WDC) Department of Land Resources,
Ministry of Rural Development
4. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

 

Objectives of these components

 PMKSY (Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme)

  • The emphasis is on expediting the completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation projects, including National Projects.

PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani)

  • Establishment of new water sources through Minor Irrigation, encompassing both surface and groundwater methods.
  • Repair, restoration, and renovation of water bodies, with a focus on enhancing their carrying capacity.
  • Construction of rainwater harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay) to conserve rainwater effectively.

PMKSY (Watershed Development)

  • Efficient management of runoff water and implementation of soil and moisture conservation activities at the watershed level, including ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment, rainwater harvesting, and in-situ moisture conservation.
  • Integration with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) to fully utilize the potential of water sources in identified backward rainfed blocks, which may also involve the restoration of traditional water bodies.

PMKSY (Per Drop More Crop)

  • Promotion of efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices such as drips, sprinklers, pivots, and rain-guns in farming practices (Jal Sinchan).
  • Capacity building, training, and awareness campaigns, utilizing low-cost publications, pico projectors, and low-cost films to promote the adoption of water-saving technologies, agronomic practices, and community irrigation.
  • Information Communication Technology (ICT) interventions for enhancing water use efficiency, precision irrigation technologies, on-farm water management, crop alignment, and conducting intensive monitoring of the Scheme.

Progress made thus far

Progress Under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana_40.1

6 new AIBP projects were added under PMKSY since 2021-22

List of  6 new AIBP projects added with their Irrigation potential/Central assistance/Expenditure

S.No. State/UT/ Project Irrigation potential created

(in thousand hectare)

Central assistance released

(Rs. in crore)

Expenditure 2021-22

(Rs. in crore)

1 Jihe Kathapur project (Maharashtra) 7.90 39.02 94.78
2 Nadaun project

(Himachal Pradesh)

0.00 2.25 2.50
3 Parwan multipurpose project (Rajasthan) 9.14 41.43 1,042.95
4 Kannadian channel (Tamil Nadu) 4.12 34.74 94.10
5 ERM of Sukla irrigation project (Assam) 0.00 41.98 91.82
6 ERM of Loktak LIS (Ph-I) (Manipur) 3.71 24.88 28.58
Total 24.87 184.30 1,354.73

PMKSY-AIBP: Number of projects identified and completed so far

Sl. No. State/UT No. of irrigation projects funded No. of irrigation projects completed
1 Andhra Pradesh 8 1
2 Assam 3+1* 2
3 Bihar 2 0
4 Chhattisgarh 3 2
5 Goa 1 1
6 Gujarat 1 0
7 Himachal Pradesh 1* 0
8 UT of Jammu & Kashmir 3 3
9 Jharkhand 1 0
10 Karnataka 5 3
11 Kerala 2 0
12 Madhya Pradesh 21 17
13 Maharashtra 26+1* 10
14 Manipur 2+1* 1
15 Odisha 8 5
16 Punjab 2 2
17 Rajasthan 2+1* 2
18 Tamil Nadu 1* 0
19 Telangana 11 3
20 Uttar Pradesh 4 1
21 UT of Ladakh 1 0
Total 106+6* 53

 

* Newly included AIBP projects after approval of PMKSY for implementation during 2021-26.

 

PMKSY-HKKP: Number of Irrigation potential created in thousand hectare and Number of wells completed so far

 

S. No. State/UT Irrigation potential created in thousand hectare Ground Water (no. of wells completed)
Surface Minor Irrigation Repair, Renovation & Restoration of water bodies
1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Assam 122.77 9,695
3. Bihar 46.93 21.80
4. Chhattisgarh 17.87
5. Gujarat 2.01 1826
6. UTs of J&K and Ladakh 31.66
7. Jharkhand 6.09
8. Karnataka 11.94
9. Madhya Pradesh 34.90 22.00
10. Maharashtra
11. Manipur 14.29 550
12. Odisha 47.42
13. Rajasthan 11.95
14. Telangana 25.98
15. Uttar Pradesh 2.35 16,570
16. Arunachal Pradesh 8.43 992
17. Himachal Pradesh 22.22
18. Meghalaya 19.11 0.88
19. Mizoram 2.22 209
20. Nagaland 7.41 262
21. Sikkim 4.18
22. Tripura 0.00 1116
23. Uttarakhand 23.84 206
24. Tamil Nadu 5.62 163
Total 373.84 140.01 31,589

 

PMKSY-WDC: Projects sanctioned and completed so far

Sl.No. State No. of projects funded Projects reported as completed
1 Andhra Pradesh 373 371
2 Arunachal Pradesh 114 114
3 Assam 280 280
4 Bihar 64 64
5 Chhattisgarh 208 208
6 Gujarat 489 489
7 Haryana 75 75
8 Himachal Pradesh 131 131
9 UT of Jammu & Kashmir 119 119
10 UT of Ladakh 11 11
11 Jharkhand 143 143
12 Karnataka 429 429
13 Kerala 69 69
14 Madhya Pradesh 446 446
15 Maharashtra 1,024 1,024
16 Manipur 61 61
17 Meghalaya 61 61
18 Mizoram 49 49
19 Nagaland 111 111
20 Odisha 234 234
21 Punjab 33 33
22 Rajasthan 820 817
23 Sikkim 6 6
24 Tamil Nadu 270 270
25 Telangana 276 275
26 Tripura 56 56
27 Uttar Pradesh 249 249
28 Uttarakhand 62 62
29 West Bengal 119 119
30 Goa
Total 6,382 6,376

 

PMKSY- PDMC: Area covered under micro irrigation so far

S. No. State Total in thousand hectare
1 Andhra Pradesh 849.42
2 Bihar 25.03
3 Chhattisgarh 148.15
4 Goa 0.89
5 Gujarat 986.42
6 Haryana 144.97
7 Himachal Pra. 10.88
8 Jharkhand 34.68
9 J&K 1.10
10 Karnataka 1749.25
11 Kerala 5.31
12 Madhya Pradesh 353.28
13 Maharashtra 937.05
14 Odisha 95.48
15 Punjab 13.30
16 Rajasthan 603.18
17 Tamil Nadu 1006.03
18 Telangana 323.80
19 Uttarakhand 32.21
20 Uttar Pradesh 331.64
21 West Bengal 91.64
22 Arun. Pradesh 11.71
23 Assam 39.27
24 Manipur 14.91
25 Meghalaya 0.00
26 Mizoram 4.52
27 Nagaland 17.49
28 Sikkim 11.98
29 Tripura 3.74
Grand Total 7847.31

 

Key takeaways for competitive examinations

  • Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare: Shri Narendra Singh Tomar

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