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RBI Revamps BBPS Norms for Enhanced Efficiency

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has introduced a revised regulatory framework for the Bharat Bill Payment Systems (BBPS), effective April 1, 2024. This overhaul aims to streamline bill payments, foster wider participation, and bolster consumer protection measures in light of evolving payment landscape dynamics.

Tiered Structure Enhancement

  • Central Unit Oversight: NPCI Bharat Bill Pay Ltd (NBBL), a subsidiary of the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), serves as the designated Payment System Provider for BBPS. NBBL operates as the Central Unit (BBPCU), managing the connection between customers and billers, along with overseeing clearing and settlement activities for BBPS transactions.

  • Regulatory Responsibilities: NBBL, in its capacity as BBPCU, is tasked with formulating participation criteria, establishing operational regulations, and defining technical standards. Moreover, NBBL must ensure guaranteed settlement of all transactions and prevent fund flow through any technology service provider (TSP).

Enhanced Customer Protection and Dispute Resolution

  • Dispute Management Framework: NBBL is mandated to establish a centralized dispute resolution mechanism for comprehensive end-to-end complaint management. This setup facilitates seamless dispute resolution processes for both customers and billers within the BBPS ecosystem.

Expanded Participation Criteria

  • Inclusive Participation: Banks, non-bank Payment Aggregators (PAs), and other authorized entities are eligible to operate as Bharat Bill Payment Operating Units (BBPOUs) within the BBPS framework.

  • Streamlined Authorization: Banks and non-bank PAs can participate without requiring separate authorization. However, non-bank BBPOUs must establish an exclusive escrow account with a Scheduled Commercial Bank solely for BBPS transactions.
  • Escrow Account Requirement: Non-bank BBPOUs, functioning as Payment Aggregators, are obligated to maintain an escrow account for funds collected from customers or settlements with onboarded billers. This measure ensures financial integrity and security within the designated payment system operated by BBPOUs.

RBI Revamps BBPS Norms for Enhanced Efficiency_4.1

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