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SEBI Proposes Two-Phase Transition to Instant Settlement in Indian Stock Market

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is set to revolutionize the Indian stock market with a proposed two-phase implementation of same-day settlement (T+0) and instant settlement. In a consultation paper, SEBI invites public comments, emphasizing that the shorter settlement cycles will be supplementary to the existing T+1 cycle.

Phase 1: Optional T+0 Settlement

The first phase envisions an optional T+0 settlement cycle for trades until 1:30 pm, with the completion of fund and securities settlement on the same day by 4:30 pm. Initially, this accelerated settlement will be applicable to the top 500 listed companies, introduced in three tranches based on market capitalization.

Phase 2: Full-Day Instant Settlement

Building on the success of Phase 1, the second phase proposes instant settlement for all trades conducted until 3:30 pm. This immediate trade-by-trade settlement aims to further enhance market efficiency and risk management for clearing corporations.

Benefits and Concerns

SEBI outlines potential benefits, including flexible and faster pay-outs for both funds and securities, along with increased market efficiency and risk management. However, concerns are acknowledged, such as potential liquidity fragmentation, impact on price discovery, and increased trading costs due to upfront availability of funds and securities.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is SEBI proposing for the Indian stock market?

A: SEBI is proposing a two-phase implementation of same-day settlement (T+0) and instant settlement, revolutionizing stock market transactions.

Q: What does Phase 1 of the proposal involve?

A: Phase 1 introduces an optional T+0 settlement cycle for trades until 1:30 pm, with fund and securities settlement completed on the same day by 4:30 pm.

Q: What is Phase 2 focusing on?

A: Phase 2 suggests full-day instant settlement for all trades until 3:30 pm, aiming to enhance market efficiency and risk management for clearing corporations.

Q: What are the potential benefits of T+0 or instant settlement?

A: SEBI anticipates faster pay-outs, increased market efficiency, and improved risk management, freeing up capital in the market.

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