National Farmers Day 2023
National Farmer’s Day 2023, also known as Kisan Diwas, is celebrated on December 23 in India to honor and recognize the invaluable contribution of farmers to the country’s socio-economic fabric. This day marks the birth anniversary of Chaudhary Charan Singh, a former prime minister of India and a dedicated advocate for the welfare of farmers. The significance of National Farmer’s Day lies in acknowledging the pivotal role farmers play in sustaining the nation’s prosperity.
Kisan Diwas 2023 – History
Chaudhary Charan Singh, born in 1902 in Uttar Pradesh’s Meerut, emerged from a humble peasant family. Serving as the prime minister from 1979 to 1980, he dedicated his life to championing the cause of farmers. In 2001, recognizing his substantial contributions, the Indian government declared his birth anniversary as National Farmer’s Day. Charan Singh’s tenure also witnessed landmark initiatives aimed at transforming the agricultural landscape, making him a revered figure in the annals of Indian agriculture.
Charan Singh’s Contributions
During his political career, Charan Singh introduced several welfare schemes for farmers. Notably, in 1939, he proposed the Debt Redemption Bill, a crucial step towards liberating farmers from the burden of moneylenders. His advocacy extended to reshaping land reforms in Uttar Pradesh, where he served as the chief minister twice. Charan Singh’s multifaceted efforts included writing extensively on zamindari abolition and land reforms, leaving an indelible mark on India’s agricultural history.
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Establishment of Kisan Trust
In 1978, Charan Singh founded the Kisan Trust, a non-political and non-profit organization dedicated to educating rural communities about injustice and fostering solidarity among farmers. This initiative underlines the commitment to empowering farmers with knowledge and resources, transcending political affiliations for the greater good of the agricultural sector.
National Farmers Day 2023 – Significance
National Farmer’s Day or Kisan Diwas 2023 holds paramount significance as it provides a platform for farmers to voice their needs and aspirations. In a sector often plagued by challenges and crises, this day becomes a crucial avenue for dialogue, fostering understanding between policymakers and those working tirelessly on the fields. The events and awareness campaigns organized on this day aim to bridge the gap between urban citizens and the agricultural community, fostering a deeper appreciation for the efforts that go into sustaining the nation’s food security.
Awareness Campaigns and Drives
On National Farmer’s Day, numerous awareness campaigns and drives are orchestrated across the country. These initiatives seek to enlighten the populace about the critical role farmers play in the nation’s development. From highlighting the challenges faced by farmers to showcasing their achievements, these campaigns contribute to building a more informed and empathetic society.
Important Questions Related to Exams
Q1. When is National Farmer’s Day, or Kisan Diwas, celebrated in India?
Sol. National Farmer’s Day, or Kisan Diwas, is celebrated in India December 23.
Q2. Who is Chaudhary Charan Singh, and why is he significant on National Farmer’s Day?
Sol. Former Prime Minister of India, known for championing farmers’ causes; his birth anniversary is celebrated on this day.
Q3. What did Chaudhary Charan Singh propose in 1939 to benefit farmers?
Sol. The Debt Redemption Bill, aimed at liberating farmers from moneylender burdens.
Q4. Why was the Kisan Trust established by Chaudhary Charan Singh in 1978?
Sol. To educate rural communities about injustice and promote solidarity among farmers.
Q5. What is the significance of National Farmer’s Day in fostering dialogue?
Sol. It provides a crucial platform for farmers to voice their needs and aspirations.