India’s road network is the second largest intern-connected road network and the national highways are exclusively 1.8% of all Indian roads.
As per the Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways report, India boasts a network of 599 national highways that have undergone renumbering over time. These highways serve as vital links connecting key agricultural, industrial and cultural hubs across the country, collectively spanning approximately 132,500 kilometers in length.
India, a vast tapestry of culture and diversity, is seamlessly connected by an extensive network of roads that crisscross its landscapes. Carrying the heartbeat of the nation, these roads link bustling cities, quiet villages and bustling markets, facilitating trade, travel and cultural exchange. Among these arteries of connectivity, the National Highways stand out as the lifelines of India’s road network, contributing significantly to its growth and development.
Longest National Highway in India
The longest National Highway of India is National Highway 44 or NH 44 which starts from Srinagar and terminated at kanyakumari. The smallest nation highway of India is NH 548.
List of Top 10 Longest National Highways of India
|Rank||National Highway||Distance (in Km)||Route|
|1.||NH 44 (old NH 7)||3,745||Srinagar to Kanyakumari|
|2.||NH 27||3,507||Begins from Porbandar in Gujarat and ends in Silchar in Assam|
|3.||NH 48 (old NH 8)||2,807||Delhi to Chennai|
|4.||NH 52||2,317||Begins from Sangrur in Punjab and ends in Ibrahimpatnam in Andhra Pradesh|
|5.||NH 30 (old NH 221)||2,040||Begins from Sitarganj in Uttarakhand and ends in Ibrahimpatnam in Andhra Pradesh|
|6.||NH 6||1,873||Jorabat in Meghalaya and ends at Selling in Mizoram|
|7.||NH 53||1,781||Begins from Hazira in Gujarat and ends at Pradip Port in Odisha|
|8.||NH 16 (old NH 5)||1,711||Begins from east Coasst of West Bengal and ends at Chennai in Tamil Nadu|
|9.||NH 66 (old NH 17)||1,622||Begins from Panvel and ends at kanyakumari|
|10.||NH 19 (old NH 20)||1,435||Delhi to Kolkata|
1. National Highway 44: NH 44 (old NH 7)
- This is the longest national highway of India. It came into being by merging seven national highways. It starts from Srinagar in North and terminated at Kanyakumari in South.
- States connected: Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu.
2. National Highway 27: NH 27
- It is second longest national highway. This highway is maintained by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH). It is an East-West National Highway in India that begins from Porbandar and ends at Silchar.
- States connected: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam.
3. National Highway 48: NH 48 (old NH 8)
- This national highway connects two major metro cities in India: Delhi and Chennai. It was renamed as NH 48 in 2010. It is the busiest highway of India.
- States connected: Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
4. National Highway 52: NH 52
- This national highway originates at the junction of NH 66 (old NH 17) at Ankola, Karnataka. This highway comes into existence by amalgamating many existing national highways in India.
- States connected: Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
5. National Highway 30: NH 30 (old NH 221)
- This highway originates from the mountains of Sitargunj (Uttarakhand) and terminates at Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh. This highway passes through multiple remote districts of Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
- States connected: Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
6. National Highway 6: NH 6
- This highway connects the north-eastern states of India. Before numbering of national highways, this highway was numbered as old NH 40, 44, 154 & 54.
- States connected: Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
7. National Highway 53: NH 53
- This highway connects the Gujarat state with Odisha. The road is the part of AH 46 network in India and it is officially listed as running over Kolkata to Surat.
- States connected: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
8. National Highway 16: NH 16 (old NH 5)
- This is the highway that runs along the eastern coast of India near the Bay of Bengal. NH 16 is a part of much the famed Golden Quadrilateral Project undertaken by National Highways Development Project.
- States connected: West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
9. National Highway 66: NH 66 (old NH 17)
- NH 66 is a long busy highway that runs through the south-western coast of India. This highway passes through the hills, forests, rivers, rivulets, streams etc. and provides a good landscape to the visitors.
- States connected: Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
10. National Highway 19: NH 19 (old NH 20)
- This highway connects the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh to Kolkata in West Bengal. This highway constitutes a major portion of historical Grand Trunk Road, and this road is also a part of AH 1 of the Asian Highway Network.
- States connected: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.