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Unemployment Trends in Indian States: A Closer Look at July-September 2023

In the recent Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), concerning data has emerged regarding unemployment rates in the age group of 15 to 29 years in urban areas during the July-September quarter of 2023. The study covered 22 states, revealing notable variations in joblessness across regions.

Himachal Pradesh Takes the Lead

Himachal Pradesh stands out with the highest overall unemployment rate at 33.9%, making it the state with the most significant joblessness challenge in the 15-29 age group in urban areas during the specified quarter. Rajasthan closely follows with a rate of 30.2%.

Gender Disparities in Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan

In Himachal Pradesh, the data indicates a stark gender divide, with females experiencing a considerably higher unemployment rate of 49.2%, compared to 25.3% among males. Similarly, in Rajasthan, females face a joblessness rate of 39.4%, while males experience 27.2%.

Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu & Kashmir also grapples with high unemployment, standing at 29.8% in the 15-29 age group in urban areas. Notably, females in the region bear a more significant burden, with an unemployment rate of 51.8%, surpassing the male rate of 19.8%.

National Overview

The overall unemployment rate in the 15-29 age group in urban areas across the country is 17.3%, with females experiencing a higher rate of 22.9% compared to males at 15.5%. This data provides a snapshot of the employment landscape, highlighting the challenges faced by the youth in various states.

Regional Disparities

The survey underscores significant regional variations in unemployment rates. Gujarat boasts the lowest rate at 7.1%, followed closely by Delhi at 8.4% in the July-September quarter among individuals aged 15-29.

Understanding the Data

The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) relies on the current weekly status (CWS) methodology, determining activity status based on the last seven days preceding the survey. The unemployment rate is defined as the percentage of unemployed individuals in the labour force.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q: Which Indian state has the highest urban youth unemployment in July-September 2023?

A: Himachal Pradesh leads with a rate of 33.9%, followed by Rajasthan.

Q: What gender disparities exist in Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan’s unemployment rates?

A: In Himachal Pradesh, females face 49.2% unemployment, compared to 25.3% in males. In Rajasthan, female unemployment is 39.4%, and male unemployment is 27.2%.

Q: What is Jammu & Kashmir’s urban youth unemployment rate?

A: Jammu & Kashmir reports a rate of 29.8%, with females at 51.8% and males at 19.8%.

Q: What is the overall youth unemployment rate in urban areas across India?

A: The nationwide rate is 17.3%, with 22.9% for females and 15.5% for males in the 15-29 age group.

Q: Which states have the lowest youth unemployment rates?

A: Gujarat has the lowest at 7.1%, followed by Delhi at 8.4% in July-September 2023.

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