The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has taken a significant stride in fostering sustainable urban development by approving a USD 200 million loan to bolster the Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission-Urban 2.0. This initiative, committed to making all cities garbage-free by 2026, aims to introduce international best practices, integrate new technologies, and adopt climate- and disaster-resilient approaches in municipal solid waste management.
Focus on Comprehensive Municipal Waste Management
- The ADB’s financing will play a pivotal role in the Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0-Comprehensive Municipal Waste Management in Indian Cities Program, with a specific emphasis on improving sanitation practices.
- This ambitious undertaking seeks to engage the private sector, strengthen women’s participation in sanitation and service delivery, and enhance waste management facilities in 100 cities across eight states.
ADB Urban Development Specialist’s Perspective
- According to ADB Urban Development Specialist, Alexandra Conroy, “Municipal waste management is a major issue in India’s rapidly growing urban centres.
- This ADB program will help develop municipal solid waste management and sanitation facilities and practices in 100 cities across eight states.
- Having a clean environment free from garbage and pollution coupled with quality urban basic services like water supply and sanitation will ensure that citizens are healthy, happy, and productive–essential to the country’s sustainable economic growth.
Strategic Allocation of Funds
- The financial support from ADB will be strategically allocated to upgrade and establish waste management facilities.
- This includes bio-methanation plants, composting plants, managed landfills, material recovery facilities, and plastic waste processing facilities.
- Additionally, the funds will support the construction of communal toilets and urinals, as well as the acquisition of sweeping equipment.
Inclusive and Resilient Program Design
- The program will incorporate climate- and disaster-resilient features, prioritize gender equality, and be responsive to social inclusion.
- Beyond the loan, ADB will provide an additional USD 3.15 million in technical assistance grants from its Urban Resilience Trust Fund, the Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund, and the Sanitation Financing Partnership Trust Fund.
Building Capacity and Encouraging Partnerships
- This grant will facilitate program implementation, build financial management and monitoring and evaluation capacity in selected states, and encourage city-to-city partnerships.
- The comprehensive program aims not only to improve waste management and sanitation infrastructure but also to build the capacity of urban local bodies, promote peer-to-peer learning, and actively engage with the private sector.
Ensuring Effective Implementation
- Through annual reviews and progress updates, the initiative will ensure the effective implementation of citywide solid waste and sanitation action plans.
- Furthermore, training and awareness campaigns for sanitation workers and communities will enhance waste segregation and collection practices.
Important Questions Related to Exams
Q: What is the purpose of the ADB’s USD 200 million loan for the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0?
A: The loan aims to enhance waste management and sanitation across 100 cities in India.
Q. How does the initiative plan to achieve its goals?
A: It plans to introduce international best practices, integrate new technologies, and adopt climate- and disaster-resilient approaches in waste management
Q. Besides the loan, what additional financial support will ADB provide?
A: ADB will provide an additional USD 3.15 million in technical assistance grants from various funds to facilitate program implementation.