Bharat Ratna Award Winners
The Bharat Ratna award is the highest civilian award in India which was instituted in the year 1954. The Bharat Ratna award is awarded to people for their exceptional public service and performance of the highest order in any field of human activity like literature science and art.
Any person in any occupation sex or position is eligible for the Bharat Ratna award. In a year, a maximum of 3 people is awarded the Bharat Ratna award. The Bharat Ratna award is presented by the President of India. This award is also awarded posthumously, till now 16 people are awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously.
Bharat Ratna Award Winners Name
In a year only three Bharat Ratna awards are awarded. According to the constitution, the Bharat Ratna cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. The recipient of the award is facilitated with a sanad or certificate signed by the president and a medal.
The medal is in the form of a peepal leaf which is 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide, and 3.1 mm thick. It is a bronze medal and in the middle of the medal, the image of the sun is embossed which is 1.6 cm in diameter. On the other side of the medal state emblem and the Moto of the country are written in Devnagri script.
First Recipient of Bharat Ratna Awards
The first Bharat Ratna award was awarded to politician C.Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist CV Raman in the year 1954.
List of Bharat Ratna award winners
Bharat Ratna award is received by 48 persons and 16 were awarded posthumously. A list of all the people who were facilitated with the Bharat Ratna award is listed below with their contributions to society.
|Bharat Ratna 1954||C. Rajagopalachari||Activist, statesman, and lawyer|
|Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan||India’s first Vice-President and second President|
|C. V. Raman||Physicists, mathematicians, and scientists|
|Bharat Ratna 1955||Bhagwan Das||Activist, philosopher, and educationist|
|M. Visvesvaraya||Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||Activist and author served as the Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1957||Govind Ballabh Pant||Activist and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
|Bharat Ratna 1958||Dhondo Keshav Karve||Social reformer and educator|
|Bharat Ratna 1961||Bidhan Chandra Roy||Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker|
|Purushottam Das Tandon||Activist and speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly|
|Bharat Ratna 1962||Rajendra Prasad||Activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar|
|Bharat Ratna 1963||Zakir Husain||Activist, economist, and education philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar|
|Pandurang Vaman Kane||Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work|
|Bharat Ratna 1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri||Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1971||Indira Gandhi||First women Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1975||V. V. Giri||Trade Unionist|
|Bharat Ratna 1976||K. Kamaraj||Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu|
|Bharat Ratna 1980||Mother Teresa||Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.|
|1983||Vinoba Bhave||Activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Bharat Ratna 1987||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||First noncitizen, independence activist|
|Bharat Ratna 1988||M. G. Ramachandran||Actor turned politician, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu|
|Bharat Ratna 1990||B.R. Ambedkar||Social reformer and leader of the Dalits|
|Nelson Mandela||Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa|
|Bharat Ratna 1991||Rajiv Gandhi||Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.|
|Vallabhbhai Patel||Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India|
|Morarji Desai||Activist, and Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1992||Abul Kalam Azad||Activist and first Minister of education|
|J. R. D. Tata||Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer|
|Satyajit Ray||Director, filmmaker, writer, novelist|
|Bharat Ratna 1997||Gulzarilal Nanda||Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.|
|Aruna Asaf Ali||Activist|
|A.P.J Abdul Kalam||Aerospace and defense scientist|
|Bharat Ratna 1998||M. S. Subbulakshmi||Carnatic classical vocalist|
|Chidambaram Subramaniam||Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1999||Jayaprakash Narayan||Activist, and social reformer|
|Ravi Shankar||Musician, sitar player|
|Bharat Ratna 2001||Lata Mangeshkar||Singer|
|Bismillah Khan||Hindustani classical shehnai player|
|Bharat Ratna 2009||Bhimsen Joshi||Hindustani classical vocalist|
|Bharat Ratna 2014||C. N. R. Rao||Chemist and professor, author|
|Bharat Ratna 2015||Madan Mohan Malaviya||Scholar and educational reformer.|
|Atal Bihari Bajpayee||Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms.|
|Bharat Ratna 2019||Pranab Mukherjee||Indian politician, and senior leader in the Indian National Congress.|
|Nanaji Deshmukh||A social activist from India, education, health, and rural self-reliance.|
|Bhupen Hazarika||Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and filmmaker from Assam.|
Youngest Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award
The youngest Bharat Ratna recipe in India was Sachin Tendulkar who received this award in the year 2014 when he was 40 years old. He is one of the finest Indian cricketers of all time and is considered a legend in the history of Cricket.
Oldest Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award
Dhondo Keshav Karve was the oldest person to receive the Bharat Ratna Award. He was a social reformer and was awarded on his 100th birthday in 1958
FAQs Related to Bharat Ratna Award
1. Who are the recipients of the Bharat Ratna award 2019?
Ans. The recipe and soft Bharat Ratna awards for the year 2019 are activist Nanaji Deshmukh, who was a social activist, Pranab Mukherjee, was a politician and the President of India from 2012 to 2017 and Bhupen Hazarika who was Indian playback, singer, lyricist, singer, poet, filmmaker, and musician.
2. How many Bharat Ratna awards can be given in a year?
Ans. In a year maximum of three Bharat Ratna awards are given to the people who have exceptional public service performance in the society.
3. Who is the first posthumous recipient of the Bharat Ratna award?
Ans. The first posthumous recipient of the Bharat Ratna award was former prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, who was a social activist.
4. when was the Bharat Ratna Award introduced?
Ans. The Bharat Ratna Award was introduced in the year 1954.
5. Who received the first-ever Bharat Ratna Award?
Ans. The first Bharat Ratna Award was received by C.V. Raman for his contribution to science.