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Biggest Country in Africa, List ofTop-10

Africa, the second-largest continent on Earth, is known for its diverse landscapes, cultures, and wildlife. Within its vast expanse, there are countries that stand out for their sheer size. In this article, we will explore the top 10 largest countries in Africa, highlighting their unique features and contributions to the continent’s rich tapestry.

Countries in Africa Continent

Africa, the second-largest continent, comprises 54 diverse countries, each with its own unique cultural, geographical, and historical characteristics. From the vast deserts of Algeria to the lush rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Africa offers a kaleidoscope of landscapes and experiences. With a rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and traditions, the countries of Africa contribute to the continent’s vibrant and dynamic identity on the global stage.

Biggest Country in Africa Continent 2024

Algeria claims the title of the largest African nation, boasting an expansive area surpassing 2.38 million square kilometers as of 2024. Following closely are the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan, covering approximately 2.34 million and 1.88 million square kilometers, respectively. In contrast, Seychelles holds the distinction of being Africa’s smallest country, spanning a mere 460 square kilometers. Africa, with a total area exceeding 30 million square kilometers, ranks as the second-largest continent globally, with Nigeria and Ethiopia standing out as the most populous nations on the continent.

About Algeria, the Largest Country in Africa Continent

Here are the few facts related to Algeria, the largest country of Africa country:

  • Capital and Largest City: Algiers (36°42′N 3°13′E)
  • Official Languages: Arabic, Tamazight
  • Other languages include Algerian Arabic, French
  • Ethnic Groups: 75%–85% Arabs, 15%–25% Berbers
  • Religion: 99% Sunni Islam (official), 1% other (including Christians and Jews)
  • Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
  • President: Abdelmadjid Tebboune
  • Legislature: Parliament with Council of the Nation (Upper house) and People’s National Assembly (Lower house)
  • Formation: Independence from French Algeria on July 5, 1962
  • Area: 2,381,741 km2 (10th largest); Water: 1.1%
  • Population (2022 estimate): 45,400,000 (32nd); Density: 19/km2 (171st)
  • GDP (PPP 2023 estimate): Total $628.990 billion (43rd)
  • Per capita $13,681 (111th)
  • GDP (nominal 2023 estimate): Total $224.107 billion (58th)
  • Per capita $4,874 (130th)
  • Gini Index (2011): 27.6 (low)
  • HDI (2021): 0.745 (high, 91st)
  • Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD

Top-10 Biggest Countries in Africa Continent

Algeria, with the area of 2,381,741 square kilometer, claims the title of the biggest country in Africa, followed by DR Congo, Sudan, Libya and Chad.

Here is the list of top-10 biggest countries in Africa Continent:

LARGEST COUNTRIES IN AFRICA CONTINENT
S. No. Country Percentage of Africa’s Total Area Area in Square Kilometers
1. Algeria 7.9% 2,381,741
2. DR Congo 7.7% 2,344,858
3. Sudan 6.2% 1,861,484
4. Libya 5.8% 1,759,540
5. Chad 4.2% 1,284,000
6. Niger 4.2% 1,267,000
7. Angola 4.1% 1,246,700
8. Mali 4.1% 1,240,192
9. South Africa 4.0% 1,221,037
10. Ethiopia 3.6% 1,104,300

Africa’s Largest Country – Algeria

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Area: 2,381,741 square kilometers

Algeria, Africa’s largest country at over 2.3 million square kilometers, boasts a diverse landscape of deserts and mountains. Its geopolitical importance in North Africa is matched by a rich cultural tapestry, reflecting a mix of Berbers, Arabs, and various ethnic groups, with a deep-rooted history in literature, art, and music.

Second Biggest Country of Africa Continent – DR Congo

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Area: 2,344,858 square kilometers

Ranking as the second-largest country in Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) spans over 2.3 million square kilometers in Central Africa. Recognized for its vast rainforests and the majestic Congo River, it harbors diverse wildlife, including gorillas and elephants. However, the nation grapples with socio-economic issues, such as political instability and poverty, despite its abundant natural resources.

Third Biggest Country in Africa – Sudan

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Area: 2,344,858 square kilometers

Sudan, officially known as the Republic of the Sudan, is positioned in Northeast Africa. It shares borders with several nations, including Egypt to the north, Chad to the west, and Ethiopia to the southeast. With a population of 45.7 million (2022) and covering 1,886,068 square kilometers, it holds the status of Africa’s third-largest country. Khartoum serves as the capital, while Omdurman is its most populous city.

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FAQs

Which is the biggest country in Africa?

Algeria, with the area of 2,381,741 square kilometer, claims the title of the biggest country in Africa

Which is the largest country in Africa by population?

Nilgeria, with the population of 223,804,632, claims the title of the biggest country of Africa by population.

Which is the second largest country of Africa?

Ranking as the second-largest country in Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) spans over 2.3 million square kilometers in Central Africa.

Name the top-5 biggest country in Africa?

The top-5 biggest countries in Africa are: Algeria, DR Congo, Sudan, Libya and Chad.