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Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023

Prime Ministers of India List

List of Prime Ministers of India: The Prime Minister of India is the head of government, and he/she is appointed by the President of India after the general elections. When the nominated candidate of the political party wins in the general elections, the successful candidate who claims more votes is appointed as the Prime Minister of India.

India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed in 1947. India’s current Prime Minister is Shri. Narendra Modi. The next general elections will be held in 2024. In this article, you will get to know about the list of Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2023.

Appointment of Prime Ministers of India

Note: The Prime Minister of India is the head of government of India. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of India and is the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. The Prime Minister of India is appointed by the President of India under Article 75 of the Constitution of India. The article states that the President shall appoint the Prime Minister who is most likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Union Council of Ministers, which is the highest decision-making body of the government of India.

List Of Indian National Congress Sessions Pre-Independence

List of Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2023

In India, the political system follows a parliamentary model, where the Prime Minister holds the dual role of the head of the executive branch and the presiding authority. The Lok Sabha, which is the primary legislative body of the Republic of India, serves as the lower house of the Indian Parliament. Typically, the Prime Minister is the leader of the political party or coalition that holds a majority in the Lok Sabha. Consequently, the Lok Sabha serves as a permanent mechanism for holding the Prime Minister accountable for their actions and decisions.

The President of India appoints the Prime Minister, but the Prime Minister must maintain the support of the majority of Lok Sabha members to remain in office. Lok Sabha members are directly elected every five years. The Prime Minister can be a member of either the Rajya Sabha or the Lok Sabha, which are the two houses of Parliament. The Prime Minister holds full authority over the appointment, dismissal, and allocation of positions within the Union Council of Ministers and the government.

Since the Independence of India till now, India has got 19 Prime Ministers. In the table given below, you’ll find the Prime Minister of India from 1947 to 2023.

Prime Minister of India Term of Office Days of Service
Joining Date End Date
Jawahar Lal Nehru

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_40.1

15th August 1947 27th May 1964 16 years,286 Days
Gulzari lal Nanda

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_50.1

27th May 1964 9th June 1964 13 Days
Lal Bahadur

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_60.1

9th June 1964 11 January 1966 1 Year. 216 Days
Gulzari Lal

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_50.1

11 January 1966 24th January 1966 13 Days
Indira Gandhi

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_80.1

24th January 1966 24th March 1977 11 Years, 59 Days
Morarji Desai

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_90.1

24th March 1977 28th July 1979 2 Years, 126 Days
Charan Singh

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_100.1

28th July 1979 14th January 1980 170 Days
Indira Gandhi

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_80.1

14th January 1980 31 October 1984 4 Years, 291 Days
Rajiv Gandhi

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_120.1

31 October 1984 2 December 1989 5 Years, 32 Days
V.P.SinghPrime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_130.1 2 December 1989 10th November 1990 343 Days
Chandra Shekhar

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_140.1

10th November 1990 21st June 1991 223 Days
P.V. Narasimha Rao

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_150.1

21st June 1991 16th May 1996 4 Years, 330 Days
Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_160.1

16th May 1996 1st June 1996 16 Days
H.D. Deve Gowda

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_170.1

1st June 1996 21st April 1997 324 Days
Inder Kumar Gujral

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_180.1

21st April 1997 19th March 1998 332 Days
Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_160.1

19th March 1998 22 May 2004 6 Years, 64 Days
Manmohan Singh

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_200.1

22 May 2004 26th May 2014 10 Years, 4 Days
Narendra Modi

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023_210.1

26th May 2014 Present

List of all the Prime Ministers of India, Important Facts

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He was the longest-serving Prime Minister of India. He was also the first prime Minister to die in office. Nehru served as prime minister for 18 years, first as the interim prime minister and from 1950 as the prime minister of the Republic of India.

Gulzarilal Nanda

Gulzarilal Nanda was the first acting Prime Minister of India. He served as the Prime Minister only for 13 days. He was the Interim Prime Minister of India for two 13-day tenures following the deaths of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964 and Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 respectively. Both his terms ended after the ruling Indian National Congress’s parliamentary party elected a new prime minister. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1997.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second prime minister of India. He gave the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan during the Indo-Pak war of 1965. Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician and statesman who served as the 2nd Prime Minister of India from 1964 to 1966 and the 6th Home Minister of India from 1961 to 1963.

Indira Gandhi

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was an Indian politician and stateswoman who served as the third prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 and from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. She was India’s first, and to date only, female prime minister and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.

Morarji Desai

Morarji Desai was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the 4th Prime Minister of India between 1977 to 1979 leading the government formed by the Janata Party. During his long career in politics, he held many important posts in government such as Chief Minister of Bombay State, Home Minister, Finance Minister, and 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of India.

Charan Singh

Charan Singh was sworn in as Prime Minister on 28 July 1979, with outside support from Indira Gandhi’s Congress (I) party and with Yeshwantrao Chavan of the Congress (Socialist) party as his Deputy Prime Minister. Just before he was to confirm his majority in the Lok Sabha, Indira Gandhi withdrew support for his government. He resigned on 20 August 1979, after just 23 days in office, becoming the only Prime Minister never to obtain the confidence of Parliament.

Rajiv Gandhi

Rajiv Gandhi was an Indian politician who served as the sixth prime minister of India from 1984 to 1989. He took office after the 1984 assassination of his mother, then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, to become the youngest Indian Prime minister at the age of 40.

V.P Singh

Vishwanath Pratap Singh, shortened to V. P. Singh, was an Indian politician who was the 7th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990 and the 41st Raja Bahadur of Manda. He is India’s only prime minister to have been former royalty.

Chandra Shekar

Chandra Shekhar was an Indian politician who served as the 8th Prime Minister of India, between 10 November 1990 and 21 June 1991. He headed a minority government of a breakaway faction of the Janata Dal with outside support from the Indian National Congress. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who had never held any prior government office. His government was largely seen as a “puppet” and “lame duck”, and the government was formed with the fewest party MPs in the Lok Sabha.

P.V.Narimha Rao

P.V.Narimha Rao was the first Prime Minister appointed from the country’s southern part. He severed for 4 years, 330 days. Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao, popularly known as P. V. Narasimha Rao, was an Indian lawyer, statesman, and politician who served as the 9th prime minister of India from 1991 to 1996.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian politician and statesman who served three terms as the 10th Prime Minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004. He was the first Indian prime minister not of the Indian National Congress to serve a full term in office.

Inder Kumar Gujral

Inder Kumar Gujral served as the 12th Prime Minister of India. He served for 332 days. Inder Kumar Gujral was an Indian diplomat, politician, and freedom activist who served as the 12th prime minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998.

Manmohan Singh

Manmohan Singh was the first Sikh Prime Minister of India. He served for 10 years, and 4 days. Manmohan Singh is an Indian politician, economist, and statesman who served as the 13th prime minister of India from 2004 to 2014. He is also the third longest-serving prime minister after Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi. A member of the Indian National Congress, Singh was the first Sikh prime minister of India. He was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

Narendra Modi

Narendra Modi is the 4th Prime Minister to serve for two consecutive years. He is serving as the Prime Minister of India from 26th May 2014 to the present. He is the only Prime Minister who was born after independence. He is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014. Modi was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament from Varanasi.

List of Prime Ministers of India- Power and Functions

The Prime Minister of India is the head of the Indian government. The Prime Minister has a significant role to serve the country. The powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India are mentioned below:

  • The Prime Minister serves as the Chairman of the Cabinet and leads the meetings of the cabinet.
  • The Prime Minister of the country represents the nation while attending any high-level international conferences.
  • He proposes the names of the members of his political party to the President for appointment as ministers.
  • He has direct control and power over the functioning of Ministers of the cabinet.

First Prime Minister of India

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is the first Prime Minister of India, who was the representative of the Indian National Congress. After the Independence of India, on 15th August 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. He served as the Prime Minister from 15th August 1947 to 15th April 1952. He was appointed by Lord Mountbatten.

Prime Ministers of India List from 1947 to 2023 with Their Tenure

Here is the List of Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2023.

S.No. Names Birth-Death Tenure Interesting Facts
1 Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889–1964) 15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days.
Prime Minister of independent India for the first and longest period. First in-office death of a prime minister.
2 Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998) 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964
13 days.
After Nehru’s untimely death, the nation’s first acting prime minister assumed control.
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days.
During the Indo-Pak war in 1965, he was the originator of the phrase “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan.”
4 Gulzarilal Nanda (1898-1998) 11 January 1966, 24 January 1966
13 days.
Only man to have twice served as acting prime minister of India.
5 Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days.
The Indian prime minister’s spouse, who took the oath of office
6 Morarji Desai (1896–1995) 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 years, 126 days.
First PM in 1977 following the emergency. At 81 years old, India’s oldest prime minister took the oath of office before resigning. His birthday was celebrated once every four years because he was born on February 29.
7 Charan Singh (1902–1987) 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
170 days.
Only PM who has never addressed the legislature
8 Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 14 Jan.1980 to 31 Oct. 1984
4 years, 291 days.
Following the disaster in 1977, the first PM returned to power in 1980. Like her father, she also passed away while in office.
9 Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) 31 Oct 1984 to 2 Dec 1989
5 years, 32 days.
At the age of 40, he became India’s youngest prime minister.
10 V. P. Singh (1931–2008) 2 Dec 1989 to 10 Nov 1990
343 days.
First prime minister to leave following a no-confidence vote
11 Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) 10 Nov 1990 to 21 June 1991
223 days.
He has never held a position of minister in any ministry.
12 P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996, 4 years, 330 days. He was from Andhra Pradesh and served as the nation’s first South Indian prime minister.
13 Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018) 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
16 days.
The shortest tenure of any Indian PM is 16 days as PM.
14 H. D. Deve Gowda (born 1933) 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
324 days.
He succeeded as South India’s second prime minister. He is a Karnataka native. But he didn’t work there for more than a year.
15 Inder Kumar Gujral  (1919–2012)  21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998
332 days.
After Indra Gandhi and Deve Gowda, the third Prime Minister to come from the Upper House.
16 Atal Bihari Vajpayee  (born 1924-2018) 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days.
First non-Congress Prime Minister of independent India to serve out his full tenure
17 Manmohan Singh  (born 1932) 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days.
First PM of India from the minority community.
18 Narendra Modi (born 1950)  2014-Present Three PMs served two terms or more prior to Modi. In 2019, he too was added to this coveted list.

 

FAQs

How many Prime Ministers have been there in India?

India has got 19 Prime Ministers after Independence, which is from 1947 to 2023.

Who is the Prime Minister of India in 2021?

The Prime minister of India in 2021 was Shri. Narendra Modi.

Who is the head of government in India?

The Prime minister of India is the head of Government in India.

Who was the first Prime minister of India?

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India after Independence in 1947.

How is the Prime minister of India appointed?

The Prime minister of India is appointed by the President of India after the General Elections.

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