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Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Birth Anniversary: Biography, Quotes, Achievement, Awards

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Birth Anniversary

Avul Pakir Jainuladbeen Abdul Kalam born on 15th October 1931 was an Indian aerospace scientist and the 11th president of India. He served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was known as the Missile Man of India for his works and development of ballistic missiles and launch vehicle technology.

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He has spent more than four decades serving as a scientist and science administrator at Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He was constantly involved in the civil space program of India and military missile development. He was also the recipient of several prestigious awards which includes Bharat Ratna.


Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Biography

Name Avul Pakir Jainuladbeen Abdul Kalam
Born 15th October 1931
Birth Place Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Political Party IND
Father’s Name Jainuladbeen Marakayar
Schooling Schwartz Higher Secondary School
Higher Studies Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirapalli
Profession Aerospace Scientist, Author
Political Career 11th President of India
Awards Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, etc.
Died 27th July 2015
Resting Place Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Desiya Ninaivagam, Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Early Life

APJ Abdul Kalam also known as People’s President was born on 15th October 1931 in a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram on Pamban Island, then in the Presidency of Madras and now in Tamil Nadu. His father Jainuladbeen Marakayar was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque and his mother was a housewife. Abdul Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. Abdul Kalam has been an average student in his school years but was considered hardworking and consistent. He completed his schooling at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, he went to Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirapalli. He graduated in physics in 1954. In 1955, he moved to Madras to study further Aerospace Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.

Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam: Significant Contribution

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a man of many talents and has served the nation throughout his life. He has made efforts to improve and develop society. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s contribution has pushed society to achieve its progress. Here are a few significant contributions of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

  1. In the first year of the establishment of ISRO in 1969, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was chosen to be the project director.
  2. He led the project to build India’s first Indigenous satellite launch vehicle (SLV). In 1980, SLV-III successfully launched the satellite Rohini into orbit.
  3. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was appointed as the CEO of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). The program was under the guidance of the Ministry of Defence.
  4. He also played an important role in the development of nuclear power in India behind the Pokhran II nuclear test.
  5. APJ Abdul Kalam has also contributed to the field of medicine in India. He and his team developed lightweight prosthetics from space-age material to enable physically challenged children to be able to walk.
  6. He has collaborated with cardiologist B. Soma Raju to build Indigenous coronary stents. These stents led to over 50% price-cut compared to imported stents.
  7. He has developed the concept of an indigenous ‘rugged tablet’ computer with B. Soma Raju for the healthcare professionals at primary health centers in rural regions.
  8. Dr. Kalam launched a mass movement centered around anti-corruption in 2011 which covered themes such as social, environmental, and ethical issues.
  9. He is known as the People’s President and has been inclined towards the welfare of the younger generation.
  10. Dr. Kalam as a President set a crucial political precedent in the country. He was the first President of India who sends back a bill to parliament for reconsideration.

Dr. Books by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam has written several books and it has been praised all over the world. He had the vision of seeing India at the top of the world and he has described his vision in all his written works. Here are some of the most remarkable books by APJ Abdul Kalam.

  • India 2020: A vision for the new millennium
  • Wings of Fire: An Autobiography
  • Guided Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life
  • Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth
  • Failure to Success: Legendary Lives
  • Spirit of India
  • My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions
  • Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India
  • The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colours
  • Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India
  • Governance for Growth in India
  • Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring
  • Transcendence My Spiritual Experience

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Awards and Achievements

  • APJ Abdul Kalam has received 7 honorary doctorates from 40 Universities.
  • The Government of India has honored him with Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his contribution and work with ISRO and DRDO.
  • In 1997, Kalam was honored with the Bharat Ratna Award for his contribution to scientific research and the modernization of defense technology.
  • In 2013, he received the Von Braun Award from the National Space Society.
  • In 1997 he was also presented with the Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration from the Indian National Congress.
  • In 2007, he received the King Charles II Medal from the Royal society.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: Quotes

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam has inspired millions of people with his wise words. He is an idol for millions of Indians as well as for the world. Here are some of the Quotes by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

“If you fail, never give up because FAIL means ‘First Attempt in Learning.”

“Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.”

“Dream is not that which you see while sleeping, it is something that does not let you sleep.”

“All birds find shelter during a rain, but an eagle avoids rains by flying above the clouds.”

“Dream, dream, dream, dreams transform into thoughts, and thoughts result in actions.”


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