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First Woman to Climb Mount Everest: Junko Tabei

Junko Tabei, a source of inspiration in the demanding realm of mountaineering, broke barriers by achieving the remarkable feat of being the first woman to climb Mount Everest on 16th May, 1975. Her expedition highlighted her unyielding passion, steadfast commitment and the courage to challenge societal expectations, leaving a lasting and motivating legacy for future generations of adventures.

Early Life and Passion for Climbing

Birth date: 22nd September, 1939

Birth place: Miharu, Fukushima, Empire of Japan

Junko Tabei’s love for mountaineering ignited at a young age when she joined a class climbing trip to Mt. Nasu at the age of 10. This experience left an indelible mark on her, sparking a lifelong passion for conquering mountains. Despite being the fifth daughter among seven children, she was far from frail and pursued her dreams with unwavering determination.

Educational Background and Climbing Skills

Tabei graduated in English Literature and education but found her true calling in mountaineering. She joined mountaineering clubs in Japan, continually honing her skills on various peaks, including Japan’s highest Mt. Fuji. Her academic background combined with her mountaineering prowess set the stage for a remarkable journey ahead.

Founding the Ladies Climbing Club

In 1969, Junko took a significant step by establishing the Joshi-Tohan Club, a women-only mountaineering group. The club’s motto was “Let’s go on overseas expedition by ourselves.” This initiative marked the first of its kind in Japan, where women could pursue mountaineering on their terms.

The Annapurna III Ascent

In 1970, Tabei joined an all-women expedition led by Eiko Miyuzaki to climb Annapurna III, a formidable peak in the Himalayas. She was the only one, of the eight climbers, to reach the summit. This achievement marked a significant milestone and paved the path for her ultimate goal- conquering Mt. Everest.

The Everest Expedition

In 1975, Junko Tabei fulfilled her dream of climbing Mt. Everest. She led an expedition that wanted to use the same path as Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. The team consisted of 15 members, including working women and mothers, determined to conquer the world’s highest peak. Overcoming financial hurdles, the expedition garnered significant media attention, with journalists and television crews documenting their journey.


The Everest expedition faced numerous challenges, including a devastating landslide that left Tabei and her team braised and shaken. However, her unwavering spirit prevailed. On 16th May, 1975, Junko Tabei etched her name in history as the first woman to conquer the world’s highest peak, proving their determination to fulfil their dreams.

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 The Seven Summits and Environmental Advocacy

Junko Tabei’s mountaineering journey didn’t end with Everest. In 1992, she ascended Puncak Jaya in Indonesia, becoming first female to complete the Seven Summits- conquering the highest peak on each continent. She also made significant contributions to environmental preservation and emerged a post-graduate degree in the environmental degradation of Everest from Kyushu University.

Legacy and Honors

Junko Tabei’s humble nature was evident when she expressed her desire to be remembered as the 36th person to achieve the feat of Everest, not just the first woman. In recognition of her ground-breaking achievements, a mountain range on Pluto was named in her honor in November 2019.

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Who is the first woman to climb Mount Everest?

Junko Tabei, a Japanese mountaineer, on 16th May 1975, she made history by becoming the first woman to successfully ascend the treacherous slopes of Mount Everest.

Who is the second woman to climb Mount Everest?

On 27th May 1975, Ms. Phantog, a Tibetan mountaineer, created history by becoming the second woman in the world to climb the Mount Everest.

About the Author

My role as a content writer specializing in current affairs at Adda247 involves meticulously researching and crafting compelling articles aimed at guiding and informing candidates preparing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams. With a dedication to educational excellence, I strive to keep our candidates abreast of the latest developments and trends in current affairs. By providing insightful and engaging content, I aim to ensure that aspiring candidates are well-prepared and informed for their examinations.