The two-day Summit of the G77+China recently concluded, marking a significant moment for the Global South’s aspirations in the international governance system. This summit brought together delegations from over 100 nations, including more than 30 heads of state and government.
The G77+China Alliance:
The Group of 77 (G77), established in 1964, consists of over 130 member nations, with its leadership rotating among member nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Notably, G77 member countries collectively represent over 80 percent of the world’s population and comprise more than two-thirds of UN member nations. China, while not a member of the G77, has been actively cooperating and supporting the group’s objectives within the framework of “G77+China.”
UN Secretary-General’s Support:
At the summit’s opening, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres affirmed the enduring importance of the Group of 77+China within the United Nations system. This acknowledgment underscores the group’s influential role in global affairs.
Promoting Science, Technology, and Innovation:
One significant development at the summit was the declaration by developing countries of September 16 as the annual “Day of Science, Technology, and Innovation in the South.” This initiative aims to rally support from the world, the UN system, and global financial institutions to bolster the efforts of Southern nations in advancing their national science and innovation systems.
Addressing Global Challenges:
The summit’s statement also drew attention to pressing global challenges, including the ongoing pandemic and disparities in vaccine distribution. Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel highlighted United Nations data revealing that 10 nations are responsible for 90 percent of copyrights and 70 percent of exports in digital production technologies. This underscores the need for a more equitable global distribution of technological and scientific resources.