IIT Madras creates light-weight alloy to replace steel, aluminium in cars

Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM), partnered with the University of North Texas and United States Army lab, have developed a magnesium alloy to replace the steel and aluminium in the automobile industry to reduce the carbon footprint and increase fuel efficiency.

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There has been an excellent deal of specialising in lowering the carbon footprint of vehicles by using light-weight material in their bodies. Lighter vehicles consume less fuel to run and are therefore play a strategic role in increasing energy-efficiency. Vehicular emissions alone contribute 27 per cent of total CO2 emissions currently. One of the lightest and energy-efficient structural materials, magnesium alloys are potential candidates to exchange steel and aluminium alloys in automotive and aerospace components since their density is two-thirds of aluminium and one-quarter of steel.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • IIT Madras Director: Bhaskar Ramamurthi.
  • IIT Madras Established: 1959.

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