12th edition of the “Democracy Index 2019: A year of democratic setbacks and popular protest”, released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). The world’s biggest democracy India slipped 10 places in the 2019 global ranking to 51st place. India is included in a flawed democracy. Norway tops the list with a score of 9.87 while North Korea is at the bottom with 167th place with 1.08 points.
According to the index, Pakistan is at the 108th position on the list. Similarly, Sri Lanka is ranked 69th, Bangladesh 80th. China fell to the 153rd position in 2019 with 2.26 points. It is close to the bottom position in the global ranking.
As per the report, India’s democracy scores have declined due to lack of civil liberties, especially the removal of Article 370 from Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) and the enforcement of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019.
Top 3 Countries in the Index:
The Global Democracy Index is based on the functioning of government, election process and pluralism, political participation, political culture and civil liberties. The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) releases an annual index of 167 independent countries, which broadly shows the status of democracy in these countries.
Based on their total score, countries are classified into 4 types:
- Governance full democracy (scoring more than 8 points)
- Flawed democracy (more than 6 but scoring 8 or less than 8)
- Hybrid regime (more than 4 but scoring 6 or less than 6)
- Authoritarian regime (having 4 or less)
The EIU started releasing the Democracy Index in 2006. EIU is the research and analysis division of The Economist Group, which is the sister company to The Economist newspaper.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Founded: 1946.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Headquarters: London, England.