India’s equity market has outpaced Hong Kong’s Hang Seng, securing the fourth position globally with a market capitalization of $4.33 trillion. This milestone, marking India’s ascendancy, underscores the nation’s robust economic standing. The US remains the largest stock market with a staggering $50.86 trillion market cap, followed by China at $8.44 trillion and Japan at $6.36 trillion.
India achieved a historic milestone on December 5, crossing the $4 trillion market cap threshold, propelled by a burgeoning retail investor base, consistent foreign institutional investments (FII), impressive corporate earnings, and resilient domestic macroeconomic fundamentals. Over the past four years, the Indian stock market has experienced remarkable growth, settling with gains for eight consecutive years.
Factors Driving India’s Success
- Retail Investor Surge: A growing retail investor base has contributed significantly.
- Global Investor Appeal: India’s stable political environment and a consumption-driven economy make it an attractive alternative to China, drawing fresh capital from global investors.
While India thrives, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng faces a four-year losing streak, reflecting negative sentiment towards China. China’s stringent anti-COVID-19 measures, regulatory crackdowns, a real estate crisis, and geopolitical tensions have collectively diminished its position as the global growth engine, causing a substantial dip in the total market value of Chinese and Hong Kong equities.
Important Questions Related to Exams
- What is the current global rank of India’s equity market by market capitalization?
- On which date did India’s stock market cross the $4 trillion market cap threshold?
- Which country has the largest stock market globally in terms of market capitalization?
- How much is China’s market capitalization as of the latest data?
- How many consecutive years has India’s stock market settled with gains?
- What index measures the performance of some of China’s influential firms listed in Hong Kong?
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