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INS Vikrant: Navy receives India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier

The indigenous aircraft carrier Vikrant, which was created by the Navy’s own Directorate of Naval Design and will likely be commissioned on Independence Day, was delivered to the Navy by the Cochin Shipyard. It bears the name of the Indian Naval Ship (INS) Vikrant, India’s first aircraft carrier, which was an important participant in the war of 1971. The 262-meter-long carrier is significantly larger and more modern than her predecessor, with a full displacement of around 45,000 tonnes. The aircraft carrier has a top speed of 28 knots and is propelled by four gas turbines with a combined 88 MW of power.

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KEY POINTS:

  • The project was completed in three phases, with the last one ending in May 2007, the second in December 2014, and the third in October 2019, at a total cost of just under Rs 20,000 crore. In February 2009, its keel was laid.
  • The aircraft carrier, which has a total indigenous content of 76%, is a prime illustration of the pursuit of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat and gives the government’s Make in India initiative a boost, according to the Navy.
  • With the delivery of Vikrant, India has joined a small group of countries with the specialised capacity to design and construct an aircraft carrier domestically.
  • Vikrant was developed to support a variety of fixed-wing and rotary aircraft and features a high level of automation for ship navigation, machinery operation, and survivability.
  • The ship would be able to fly a 30 aircraft air wing, including indigenously produced advanced light helicopters and light combat aircraft, Kamov-31, MH-60R multi-role helicopters, MIG-29K fighter planes, and light combat aircraft.

The aircraft carrier is outfitted with a ski-jump for launching aircraft and a set of arrester wires for their recovery onboard, both of which are used in the innovative aircraft-operation mode known as STOBAR (Short Take-Off but Arrested Landing).

Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:

  • Chief of the Naval Staff: Admiral R. Hari Kumar

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