Important Lakes in India
Lakes in India: The lake is a huge water body that is encircled by land, and it is much bigger than a pond. There are many important lakes in India located in several states of India. Some lakes are very large and can be confused with rivers however, there is a difference between the flow of lakes and rivers.
There are several important lakes in India including Pulicat lake and Kolleru Lake in Andhra Pradesh. Vembanad Lake in Kerala is the largest lake in India with a depth of 4.2 meters and 1165 square Kilometers.
Lakes in India
Lakes in India have a significant role as they are used by humans to fulfill their daily needs. The lakes in India are freshwater lakes, and artificial lakes, some are man-made lakes, and some are saltwater lakes. There are several lakes found in India and the largest lake out of those is the Vembanad in Kerela.
List of Important Lakes in India
|Lakes in India||State||Type of Lake|
|Pulicat||Andhra Pradesh||Brackish Water|
|Korlleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh||Freshwater|
|Nagarjuna Sagar||Andhra Pradesh||Freshwater|
|Narayan Sarovar||Gujarat||Artificial Freshwater|
|Thol Lake||Gujarat||Lentic Lake|
|Blue Bird Lake||Haryana||Freshwater|
|Chandra Taal||Himachal Pradesh||–|
|Suraj Taal||Himachal Pradesh||Freshwater|
|Maharana Pratap Sagar||Himachal Pradesh||Freshwater|
|Prashar Lake||Himachal Pradesh||Holomitic|
|Dal Lake||Jammu Kashmir||–|
|Wular Lake||Jammu Kashmir||–|
|Ashtamudi Kayal||Kerala||Brackish Water|
|Chilika Lake||Odisha||Brackish Water|
|Ooty Lake||Tamil Nadu||Freshwater|
|Chembarambakkam||Tamil Nadu||Artificial Lake|
|Hussain Sagar||Telangana||Artificial Lake|
|Govind Bhallabh Pant Sagar||Uttar Pradesh||Man-Made Lake|
List of Important Lakes in Indian Union Territories
|Lakes in UTs||State/UT||Type of Lake|
|Tso Kar||Fluctuating Salt Lake|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Dal Lake||Warm Monomitic|
|Nageen Lake||Eutrophic Lake|
|Pangong Tso||Endorheic Lake|
|Wular Lake||Tectonic Lake|
|West Bengal||East Calcutta Wetlands||Brackish Water|
|Ousteri lake||Man-made Lake|
Largest Lakes in India
The largest lake in India is the Vembanad Lake which is situated in Kerela. Its area is 2033 sq km. The largest lakes of India are listed below along with the area they cover.
|Largest Lakes in India||State||Area|
|Vembanad Lake||Kerela||2033 sq km|
|Chilika Lake||Odisha||1165 sq km|
|Shivaji Sagar Lake||Maharashtra||891.7 sq km|
|Indira Sagar Lake||Madhya Pradesh||700 sq km|
|Panong Lake||Ladakh||627 sq km|
|Pulicat Lake||Andhra Pradesh||450 sq km|
|Sardar Sarovar Lake||Gujarat||375 sq km|
|Nagarjuna Sagar Lake||Telangana||287 sq km|
|Loktak Lake||Manipur||285 sq km|
|Wular Lake||Jammu and Kashmir||260 sq km|
Types of Lakes in India
There are several water bodies in India including lakes, rivers, and ponds. These water bodies are of huge significance in India. The Lakes in India are of different types as they are formed out of different weather conditions and some are man-made. The types of lakes found in India are given below:
These have unsalted water that is found in low-lying areas and these are fed from rivers, streams, and runoffs. The largest freshwater lake in India is Wular Lake.
Saltwater lakes have a high concentration of salts. Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan is an example of Saltwater Lake.
These artificial lakes are man-made lake that is used to store water for public use. For example, Chembarambakkam in Tamil Nadu is an artificial lake.
The oxbow lakes are formed when a wide meander of a river is cut off and then a lake is formed when the river finds a different shorter course. Chandubi in Assam is an example of Oxbow lake.
The crater lakes are formed when there is a collapse or explosive activity of volcanic eruptions. An example of a Crater lake is Lonar Lake in Maharashtra.