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Why Pangong Tso lake in news?

What in News?

Both India and China have ramped up infrastructure development on the north bank of Pangong Tso Lake in eastern Ladakh and western Tibet. China is constructing a bridge to connect the north and south banks of the lake, while India is building a black-topped road on its side of the north bank.

Pangong Tso Lake

  • Pangong Tso Lake is a boomerang shaped landlocked water body.
  • Pangong Tso Lake is situated on the banks of India and China.
  • Pangong Tso Lake is a high altitude salt water lake situated at almost 4.350 metres.
  • Pangong Tso Lake is 5Km wide and 134Km long.
  • One third of Pangong Tso Lake is lying in India and other two-third in China.
  • Pangong Tso Lake is a famous lake of Ladakh which is quite deep with the depth of almost 328 feet.
  • Pangong Tso Lake is not always salty, its eastern part has freshwater and western part is saline in nature.
  • Around 40% of Pangong Tso Lake is situated in India, 50% in Tibet (China) and rest 10% is disputed between the two and is a de facto buffer zone.
  • The Lake has shrunken in seize over the past due to geographical reasons.
  • During winter, Pangong Lake freezes and become a point of ice- skating and Polo.
  • There are many islands situated on the Pangong Tso Lake and one of its famous island is Bird Islet.

Pangong Tso Lake as a Tourist Site:

  • Inner Line Permit is required to visit the Pangong Lake as it is situated at the border of Line of Actual Control.
  • Tourists can rent a boat but can’t land on island.
  • China National Highway 219 passes by eatern side of Pangong Lake.
  • The “Khumak Bridges” are the twin bridges over the Pongong Lake, one is smaller and a bigger one for the heavy
  • vehicles, built by China to connect Khumak Bridge of North to Rutog in Southeast which will reduce the distance of 150Kms.

Flora Fauna of Pangong Tso Lake

  • According to the guides, there are no fish or any other aquatic life on Indian side of Pangong Lake except some crustaceans.
  • There are numerous ducks and gulls over and on the lake surface.
  • There are some species of scrubs and perennial herbs grow in the marshes around the sea.
  • The lake acts as an important breeding ground for the variety of birds including migratory birds.
  • During summer, the Bar Headed Geese and Brahmini ducks are commonly seen here.
  • Freshwater snails of genes Radix also found in the Pangong Lake.

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