Project Tiger: About
In India, Project Tiger was launched on 1973. As it is the world’s largest home for Royal Bengal Tigers and hosts more than 70% of the total tally of tigers in the World. A huge number of tigers found in India makes it an easy target for hunting and poaching. To prevent these acts and save tigers, Project Tiger was launched. It was the first of its kind of project in India which initiated the Tiger Protection campaign.
Project Tiger: History
The Project Tiger was launched in 1973 by the government of India under the power of Indira Gandhi from the Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand.
Project Tiger: Aims
- To identify factors causing the reduction in tiger habitats
- To mitigate the tigers through suitable management practices.
- To resolve the condition of natural ecosystems which were damaged by the time.
- To maintain an appropriate tiger population for their economic, ecological, aesthetical, and cultural significance.
Project Tiger: Conservation Units
For the management of the project, several conservation units are formed to help the Project Tiger. The following list shows the Conservation Units in India.
- Eastern Ghats Conservation Units
- Western Ghats Conservation Units
- Central India Conservation Units
- North-East Conservation Units
- Sariska Conservation Units
- Kaziranga Conservation Units
- Shivalik Terai Conservation Units
- Sunderbans Conservation Units
Project Tiger: Core Buffer Strategy
- The tiger reserves are formed based on a ‘core-buffer’ strategy for efficient management and tiger density administration.
- Core area of the reserve is a particular part land marked and identified as a core area.
- The core areas are free from any human activity and it has the legal status of a National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The ‘buffer’ areas are marked to surround the core areas.
- These areas are not frequently occupied by wildlife.
- A limited human activity is allowed in buffer areas.
- The Buffer areas have two major purposes; one is to serve as a habitat supplement to the wild animals from core areas and another one is to become a livelihood source for surrounding villages.
Project Tiger: 10 earliest established Tiger Reserves in India
|Tiger Reserve||State||Year of Establishment|
|Corbett Tiger Reserve||Uttarakhand||1973|
|Bandipur Tiger Reserve||Karnataka||1973|
|Kanha Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||1973|
|Manas Tiger Reserve||Assam||1973|
|Sunderbans Tiger Reserve||West Bengal||1973|
|Melghat Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||1973|
|Ranthambore Tiger Reserve||Rajasthan||1973|
|Palamau Tiger Reserve||Jharkhand||1973|
|Similipal Tiger Reserve||Odisha||1973|
|Periyar Tiger Reserve||Kerela||1978|