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RBI Approves IDFC-IDFC First Bank Merger

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted approval for the reverse merger of IDFC Ltd with its banking subsidiary, IDFC First Bank. The respective boards of IDFC First Bank and IDFC had previously greenlit the reverse merger in July.

Key Points

  1. RBI Approval: IDFC Limited and IDFC Financial Holding Company (IDFC FHCL) have received RBI’s “No Objection” for the composite scheme of amalgamation on December 26, 2023.
  2. Composite Scheme: The merger involves IDFC FHCL merging with IDFC first, followed by the merger of IDFC into IDFC First Bank Ltd.
  3. Regulatory Compliance: The scheme is subject to other statutory and regulatory approvals, including those from the National Company Law Tribunal and the respective shareholders and creditors.
  4. Share Exchange Ratio: Under the proposed reverse merger, an IDFC shareholder will receive 155 shares for every 100 shares held in the bank, with both stocks having a face value of Rs 10 each.
  5. Book Value Impact: Post-merger, the standalone book value per share of IDFC First Bank will increase by 4.9%, based on audited financials as of March 2023.
  6. Ownership Structure: Similar to HDFC Bank, the merged IDFC First Bank will have no promoter entity, being fully owned by institutional and public shareholders.
  7. IDFC’s Background: IDFC, initially an infra lender in 1997, obtained RBI’s in-principle approval for a bank in April 2014 and launched IDFC Bank in October 2015. However, it faced challenges in establishing a significant presence in the banking sector.
  8. Transformation: In December 2018, IDFC took over Capital First, a consumer and MSME-focused non-bank since 2012, and was rebranded as IDFC First Bank, evolving into a full-service universal bank.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the recent approval from RBI regarding IDFC and IDFC First Bank?

A: RBI has given its nod for the reverse merger of IDFC Ltd with its banking subsidiary, IDFC First Bank.

Q: What is the key process in the merger?

A: IDFC Financial Holding Company will first merge with IDFC, followed by the merger of IDFC into IDFC First Bank.

Q: What’s the impact on shareholders?

A: In the proposed reverse merger, IDFC shareholders will receive 155 shares for every 100 shares held in the bank.

Q: How does the merger affect IDFC First Bank’s book value?

A: Post-merger, the standalone book value per share of IDFC First Bank will increase by 4.9%.

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