The Defence Research and Development Organization’s (DRDO) Abhyas high-speed expendable aerial target (HEAT), which was created as a target for the testing of missile systems, underwent a successful flight testing from the Integrated Test Range (ITR), off the coast of Odisha. The Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a DRDO unit with a Bengaluru location, created Abhyas.
- The DRDO recently conducted numerous tests on Abhyas in various configurations.
- Precision demonstrations of the aircraft’s performance at low altitude, including prolonged level flight and excellent manoeuvrability, were made.
- The target aircraft was being tracked by a number of tracking sensors deployed by ITR, including radar and an electro-optical targeting system, as it was being flown from a ground-based controller in a predetermined low altitude flight route.
- Abhyas—a word derived from Sanskrit meaning “practise” or “preparatory exercise”—offers a realistic threat situation for training with different armament systems and has been built with an onboard autopilot system for autonomous flight.
- According to the DRDO, the vehicle was launched utilising two underslung boosters, which give it a quick start.
- It has a modest gas turbine engine that enables it to fly for an extended period of time at a fast subsonic speed.
- The target aircraft has an inertial navigation system based on micro-electromechanical systems as well as a flight control computer for guiding and control.
- The system has a built-in radio altimeter for very low altitude flight and a data link for secure communication between the target aircraft and the ground control station.
According to a DRDO scientist, the Abhyas system has radar cross-section (RCS) and infrared signatures that may be utilised to simulate a variety of aircraft for anti-aircraft warfare training as well as for testing intended to hit aerial targets.
Important Takeaways for All Competitive Exams:
- Defence Minister of India: Rajnath Singh
- Head of the DRDO: G. Satheesh Reddy