World food prize 2022
World food price is an international award given to the individuals who have contributed to human development by improving the quantity availability and quality of food in the world. In the field of food and agriculture, the world food prize is the highest honor. It was established in the year 1986 by Norman Borlaug with the support of general foods and from 1987 the price has been awarded and given to the deserving individuals. Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel peace prize in 1970
or his contribution to the extensive increase of global food production. The first chairperson of the world food prize laureate was Norman Borlaug. The first world food prize was given to M.S. Swaminathan for his contribution to the introduction of high-yield wheat and rice varieties in India and for starting India’s green revolution in 1987. In 2009 Norman Borlaug appointed MS Swaminathan as the laureate after him.
This year in 2022 Cynthia Rosenzweig is facilitated for her pioneering work in modeling the impact of climate change on food production worldwide. The world food foundation invited nominations for the annual world food price. The prize money was 250000 US dollars for the individual who has made outstanding achievements to improve the world’s food production and distribution. The field of achievement includes land and soil, plant-animal science, food science, technology rural development water and environment, and many other categories. The world food prize 2022 was hosted by the United States Department on 5th May 2022 at 9:30 AM EDT.
World Food Prize 2022: Cynthia Rosenzweig
Cynthia Rosenzweig is an agronomist and climatologist who was awarded 250000 as prize money for her contribution to the innovation of modeling the impact of climate change on food production. She works as a senior research scientist at NASA Goddard Institute for space studies. With her innovation, she wants to achieve the motive to improve the food and agriculture system and lessen the effect of climate on food production. According to Cynthia Rosenzweig, the greenhouse gas emissions from the food system are the major topic of concern, she said we cannot provide food security worldwide unless we reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. The undersecretary of state for economic growth energy and environment said that more than 160 million people worldwide have experienced food insecurity since last year. And there is a significant increase in food insecurity and the major cause of decreasing food security is global warming.
Without the help of Dr. Cynthia Rosenzweig, the people couldn’t understand the climatic changes affecting food security. Cynthia Rosenzweig has been recognized as the founder of the agriculture model intercomparison and improvement project. This organization collects scientists from all over the world with different disciplines who can develop advanced methods for improving the future performance of agriculture and food systems with the changing global climate.
In her work, she studied how farmers deal with climate change and how agriculture is the problem. The studies were published last month which said that nearly 1/3 of the total greenhouse gases are emitted by human activities. Her main concern is people collectively should reduce the use of such emissions to decrease the effects of changing climate. Cynthia developed protocols to understand and improve the model performance by comparing multiple models brought together under AgMIP. The modeling groups brought the crop models to AgMIP which helped Cynthia to work on them.
The different models which came from rural and tropical areas helped her to understand the risk of extreme weather climate change and other descriptions of agriculture production. She was determined to find the solution to this problem and she included stakeholders, policymakers, and the on-ground practitioners to address the challenges of climate change on agriculture, she made detailed data and practiced it with her team. She wanted to break the stereotype of the scientist who brings out the result and passive the society to implement it. She wanted to give the solution as well as try to improve the situation.
About Cynthia Rosenzweig
Cynthia Rosenzweig was born in Scarsdale, New York. She describes herself as a climate impact scientist and when she moved to Tuscany, Italy she developed a passion for agriculture. When she returned to the United States she focused on agronomy as her main subject. She works as a graduate student at the Goddard Institute for space studies in 1980. She was the only team member who was studying agronomy and she researched the impact on food production. During her graduation period, the global climate models were being to show the effects of human-generated carbon dioxide on the global climate. She completed her first projections of how climate change will affect food production in North America in 1985 and the projection was completed globally in 1994. She was one of the first scientists to document the effect of climate change on food production and cultivation.