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World Leprosy Day 2024, Date, History and Significance

World Leprosy Day, observed annually on the last Sunday of January, is a crucial event dedicated to raising awareness about leprosy, also known as Hansen’s Disease. As we mark World Leprosy Day on January 28 this year, it’s important to understand the disease, its impact, and the significance of this day.

Understanding Leprosy

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It primarily affects the skin, nerves, upper respiratory tract, and eyes. Symptoms include blisters, loss of skin color, rashes, reduced sensation of touch, loss of temperature sensation, nerve injury, weight loss, and joint pain. Despite being a curable disease, early detection and awareness are vital for effective treatment.

History of World Leprosy Day

The first World Leprosy Day was established in 1954 by French Journalist Raoul Follereau. He chose the date as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi, who showed compassion and empathy towards people affected by leprosy. The day aims to campaign for awareness about the disease and to highlight available treatment options.

Significance of World Leprosy Day 2024

This year’s theme for World Leprosy Day is “Beat Leprosy.” The focus is on combating the stigma associated with the disease and promoting awareness about its curability. The World Health Organisation emphasizes the importance of educating the public that leprosy is caused by bacteria and can be easily cured with proper treatment.

Combating Stigma and Misconceptions

One of the key challenges in leprosy management is the social stigma attached to the disease. This stigma can lead to discrimination and isolation of the affected individuals, hindering their access to timely medical care. World Leprosy Day serves as an opportunity to dispel myths and educate people about leprosy, ensuring that affected individuals are treated with dignity and respect.

The Path to Treatment and Rehabilitation

Effective treatment for leprosy has been available since the 1980s, primarily through multi-drug therapy (MDT). Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent disability and to cure the disease. Rehabilitation efforts also focus on the social and psychological aspects, helping individuals reintegrate into society.

Important Questions Related to Exams

  1. When is World Leprosy Day observed annually?
  2. What is leprosy, and which bacterium causes it?
  3. What are the primary symptoms of leprosy?
  4. Who established the first World Leprosy Day and in what year?
  5. Why was the date chosen for World Leprosy Day significant in relation to Mahatma Gandhi?

Kindly share your responses in the comment section!!

 

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