Thiruvananthapuram, often referred to as Trivandrum, is the capital of Kerala which is situated along the mesmerizing Arabian Sea on the southwest coast of India. As the capital of enchanting state of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram boasts a rich history, a thriving culture and a unique blend of tradition and modernity. This city, formerly known as Trivandrum, has regained its ancient name, Thiruvananthapuram, in the early 21st century, reflecting its deep-rooted heritage.
Capital of Kerala- Historical Background
The historical significance of Thiruvananthapuram can be traced back to the reign of Raja Martanda Varma, who declared it the capital of his kingdom of Travancore in 1745. Under his rule, the city began to flourish and prosper, becoming a prominent center in the region.
The British colonial era saw the city’s name altered to Trivandrum, which remained in use for a considerable period. However, in a nod to its historical roots, the city reverted to its original name, Thiruvananthapuram.
An Overview of Capital of Kerala
- Population Hub: Thiruvananthapuram is the most populous city in the state of Kerala, teeming with people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. Its vibrant streets and communities offer a unique blend of tradition and modernity.
- Information Technology Hub: This city has emerged as a major Information Technology hub in Kerala, contributing to the state’s technological advancements. It hosts numerous IT companies, research centers and educational institutions, fostering innovation and growth.
- Evergreen City of India: Mahatma Gandhi aptly referred to Thiruvananthapuram as an “evergreen city of India.” This nickname perfectly encapsulates its lush green landscapes, which remain verdant throughout the year, making it a serene and picturesque destination.
- Tourist Haven: Thiruvananthapuram is a prominent tourist destination in Kerala. The city offers an array of attractions, including historic sites, beautiful beaches, cultural festivals and culinary delights, making it a must-visit place for travelers.
- Key Institutions: Thiruvananthapuram is home to several strategic and important institutions in India. These include the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology. The city also houses the Southern Air Command Headquarters of the Indian Air Force.
An Overview of Kerala
- Kerala, situated on the Malabar Coast, is known for its lush greenery, tranquil backwaters and stunning coastal landscapes.
- Kerala was officially formed on 1st November 1956, after the states Reorganization Act united the Malayalam-speaking regions of Tranvancore, South Canara, Malabar and Cochin.
- Kerala consistently ranks highest on the Human Development Index, reflecting its commitment to education, healthcare and overall well-being of its citizens.
- The state boasts the highest sex ratio in India, with 1,048 women for every 1,000 men, underlining its emphasis on gender equality.
- According to a 2013 RBI report, Kerala was the second-least impoverished state in India. The state’s economy is the 8th largest in the country.
- Kerala takes pride in its impressive literacy rate of 96.2% making education accessible to all.
- With an average life expectancy of 77 years, Kerala stands as a testament to its commitment to healthcare and well-being.
- Kerala is the second-most urbanized state in India, with a balanced mix of urban and rural areas.
- Kerala was ranked highest in India for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in a 2019 NITI Aayog report, demonstrating its dedication to a sustainable future.