Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is a bustling city in the southern part of India and the capital of Karnataka. With a population of over ten million people, it is a megacity and ranks as the third populous city and the fifth most populous urban area in India. This vibrant city is situated on the Deccan Plateau and stands tall at an elevation of over 900 meters (about 3,000 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest major cities in India.
Capital of Karnataka- Historical Background
The history of Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka, is marked by various dynasties, including the Western Ghats, Cholas and Hoysalas. It was established as a mud fort by Kempe Gowda in 1537 under the Vijayanagara Empire. Later, it came under Maratha and Mughal rule before being sold to the Wadiyar dynasty. British control began in 1799 after the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.
Post-independence, it became the capital of Mysore State and retained this status when Karnataka was formed in 1956. The city and cantonment merged in 1949 and in 2006, it officially adopted the name “Bengaluru.”
Location and Geography of Capital of Karnataka
Bangalore is located in the southern part of India, on a high plateau called the Deccan plateau. The city rests at an elevation of over 900 meters above sea level. What’s interesting is that Bangalore is mostly flat, making it a comfortable place to live. The total area of the capital of Karnataka is 741 sq. kilometers and it is the largest city in the state.
Bangalore, The IT Hub
One of the most famous aspects of Bangalore is that it is known as the IT Hub of India. this means that the city is a hub for the information technology industry, with numerous tech companies and startups setting up shop here. It is a place where many people work in jobs related to computers, software and technology.
Bangalore is also known for its outstanding educational institutions. It is home to many renowned schools, colleges and universities. People from all over the country come to Bangalore to pursue their studies. This has earned the city a reputation for being a hub of learning and knowledge.
Population of Bangalore, the Capital of Karnataka
The capital of Karnataka is the third most populous city in India, with a total population of approximately 12.8 million people. That’s a lot of people! The city’s population is diverse, with people from different parts of the country and even from other countries living and working here.
Greenery and Gardens
Another reason why Bangalore is called the Garden City of India is because it has many beautiful parks and gardens. The city is known for its greenery and you will find a lot of trees and flowers all around. It is a great place to enjoy nature within a bustling city.
An Overview of Karnataka
- Karnataka was formerly known as Mysore until 1973 when it adopted its current name.
- It is located on the western coast of India, with boundaries touching Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and the Arabian Sea.
- The state covers an area of approximately 74,051 sq. miles (191,791 sq. km).
- Karnataka stretches about 420 miles (675 km) from north to south and 300 miles (480 km) from east to west.
- It boasts a diverse geography, including a 200mile (320 km) coastline along the Arabian Sea.
- The capital city is Bengaluru, located near the southeastern border of the state.
- The name “Karnataka” means “lofty land” in the Kannada language.