Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram in India, is a city with a rich history, diverse demographics and a unique cultural blend. Established officially on 25th February 1890, the city has grown to become the largest urban center in the state and a vital hub for government administration. This article delves into the history, demographics, economy and various aspects of life in Aizawl.
Capital of Mizoram – Historical Background
The history of Aizawl is closely tied to the British colonial era. In the late 19th century, an outpost was established in the region due to the disorderly conduct of Khalkom, a Mizo Chief. The British constructed a fortified post in Aizawl to maintain control over the area. The town’s growth was further accelerated after the Mizo National Front uprising in 1966, which transformed Aizawl from a village into a larger town and eventually a city. Today, it serves as the central point for Mizoram’s road network.
Capital of Mizoram – Geography
Aizawl is situated on a ridge, approximately 1,132 meters (3,715 feet) above sea level. It is located in the northern part of Mizoram, with the Tlawng river valley to the west and the Tuirial river valley to the east.
Aizawl has a diverse population, with a majority of the people belonging to different Mizo tribes. Christianity is the predominant religion, accounting for about 93.63% of the city’s population. Other minority religions include Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and more.
The economy of Aizawl is primarily driven by government services, as it serves as the capital of Mizoram. Major banks are located in the city and the hospitality sector, including hotels, plays a significant role in serving tourists and business visitors.
Aizawl offers a range of educational institutions, including state and private schools. Parochial schools run by various religious organizations provide educational options. Several colleges and universities, including Mizoram University, contribute to higher education in the city.
An Overview of Mizoram
Mizoram, the state that Aizawl serves as the capital of, is a land of enchanting beauty and unique cultural diversity.
- The name “Mizoram” is derived from the words “Mizo” and “ram”. “Mizo” refers to the native inhabitants of the region and “ram” means land in the Mizo language.
- Mizoram is a landlocked state in Northeast India, sharing its borders with other northeastern states like Manipur, Assam and Tripura. Additionally, it shares international boundaries with Myanmar and Bangladesh.
- Mizoram was carved out of Assam in 1972 and initially existed as a union territory. In 1987, it achieved full statehood.
- Mizoram is the 2nd least populated state in India, which contributes to its close-knit and tightly woven communities.
- Approximately 87% of the population in Mizoram follows Christianity, making it one of the most Christian-dominated regions in India.
- The state of Mizoram is strategically important as it serves as a vital transit point between Myanmar and Bangladesh, contributing to regional trade and commerce.
- The official language of Mizoram are Mizo and English, with Mizo being widely spoken among the local people.
- Mizoram boasts a commendable literacy rate of 91.58%, reflecting the state’s commitment to education and learning.