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RBI Monetary Policy Committee(MPC) Meeting Highlights – December 2023

In the latest RBI Monetary Policy Committee meeting, the key policy repo rate remains unchanged at 6.5%, reflecting the committee’s unanimous decision. This marks the fifth consecutive meeting where the MPC opted to maintain the status quo on the repo rate, following a 25 bps increase in February 2023.

RBI MPC December 2023: GDP Growth and Inflation Projections

The MPC projects a GDP growth of 7% for the fiscal year 2023-24. Inflation is anticipated to be at 5.4% for the same period, with a detailed breakdown indicating 5.6% for Q3 and 5.2% for Q4. Looking ahead to FY25, CPI inflation is projected at 5.2% for Q1, 4% for Q2, and 4.7% for Q3.

RBI MPC December 2023: MPC’s Vigilant Stance

RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das emphasized the MPC’s vigilance, stating that 5 out of 6 MPC members voted in favor of withdrawing accommodation. The committee stands ready to take necessary actions to address emerging economic scenarios.

RBI MPC December 2023: Liquidity Measures and UPI Limits

In response to evolving market dynamics, the RBI has allowed the reversal of liquidity facilities under Standing Deposit Facility (SDF) and Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) even on weekends and holidays. The UPI limit has been raised from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 5 lakh per transaction for hospitals and educational institutions.

RBI MPC December 2023: Enhancements in Digital Transactions

The RBI has proposed significant enhancements in digital transactions, including an increase in the e-mandate limit for recurring online transactions from Rs 15,000 to Rs 1 lakh. Additionally, the central bank plans to establish a fintech repository to better understand the growing fintech ecosystem. Fintech firms are encouraged to voluntarily contribute information to this repository, which is set to be operationalized by the Reserve Bank Innovation Centre in April 2024 or earlier.

RBI MPC December 2023: Regulatory Framework for Digital Lending

Recognizing the importance of digital lending, the RBI has decided to establish a regulatory framework for web aggregation of loan products. This move aims to improve customer-centricity and transparency in the digital lending space.

RBI MPC December 2023: Other Key Highlights

  • Net FPI inflows amount to $24.9 billion as of December 6.
  • The central bank has reduced its balance sheet size to 21.6% in 2023-24 up to December 1.
  • CPI inflation is projected at 5.4% for the full fiscal year 2023-24, with Q3 at 5.6% and Q4 at 5.2%.

RBI MPC December 2023: Policy Rates at a Glance

  • Repo Rate: 6.50%
  • Standing Deposit Facility Rate: 6.25%
  • Marginal Standing Facility Rate: 6.75%
  • Bank Rate: 6.75%
  • Fixed Reverse Repo Rate: 3.35%

Statutory Ratios

  • Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): 4.50%
  • Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): 18%

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the outcome of the RBI MPC meeting in December 2023?

A: The RBI Monetary Policy Committee decided unanimously to keep the repo rate unchanged at 6.5%, maintaining this stance for the fifth consecutive meeting.

Q: What are the economic projections for the coming fiscal year?

A: GDP growth is projected at 7%, and CPI inflation is expected to be 5.4% for FY24, with detailed breakdowns for each quarter.

Q: What is the RBI’s approach to liquidity and digital transactions?

A: The RBI allows reversal of liquidity facilities on weekends, increases UPI limits for specific sectors, proposes higher e-mandate limits, and plans to establish a fintech repository. Additionally, a regulatory framework for web aggregation of loan products will be implemented.

Q: Are there any changes in key policy rates?

A: No, the repo rate remains at 6.5%, along with other key rates such as the Standing Deposit Facility Rate (6.25%), Marginal Standing Facility Rate (6.75%), Bank Rate (6.75%), and Fixed Reverse Repo Rate (3.35%).

Q: What about statutory ratios and other highlights?

A: The Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) is at 4.50%, and the Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) is at 18%. Other highlights include net FPI inflows, a reduction in the central bank’s balance sheet size, and projections for CPI inflation.

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