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India Unveils Biogas Blending Plan to Reduce Natural Gas Imports and Achieve Net Zero Emissions

In a significant move towards energy sustainability, the Indian government has announced a phased introduction of blending compressed biogas with natural gas. This initiative aims to bolster domestic demand, decrease reliance on natural gas imports, and contribute to India’s commitment to achieving net zero emissions by 2070.

Phase 1: Introduction of Biogas Blending (April 2025):

Commencing in April 2025, the government will initiate the mandatory blending of compressed biogas with natural gas at a rate of 1%. This initial phase will focus on utilization in automobiles and households, marking a crucial step towards diversifying the energy mix.

Phase 2: Scaling Up Blending (2028):

As part of the phased approach, the mandatory blending percentage is set to increase to approximately 5% by 2028. This strategic escalation underscores the government’s commitment to progressively integrating biogas into the mainstream energy consumption landscape, further reducing the carbon footprint.

Reducing Reliance on Gas Imports:

India, a major global importer of oil and gas, currently sources around half of its overall gas consumption from external suppliers. By implementing the biogas blending initiative, the government aims to curtail import costs and enhance energy self-sufficiency.

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Targets (SAF):

In addition to biogas blending, the government is pushing for the incorporation of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in aircraft turbine fuel. The goal is to achieve 1% SAF in aviation fuel by 2027, with a subsequent doubling to 2% in 2028. Initially focusing on international flights, this measure seeks to address emissions in the aviation sector.

Toward Net Zero Emissions:

These progressive steps align with India’s broader vision of achieving net zero emissions by 2070. By promoting the use of biogas and sustainable aviation fuel, the government aims to reduce the environmental impact of key sectors, contributing to the global effort to combat climate change.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the key announcement made by the Indian government regarding energy sustainability?

A: The Indian government has announced a phased introduction of biogas blending with natural gas and set ambitious targets for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to reduce reliance on natural gas imports and work towards achieving net zero emissions by 2070.

Q: When will the mandatory blending of compressed biogas with natural gas commence, and what are the initial targets?

A: The mandatory blending of compressed biogas with natural gas is set to begin in April 2025. In the initial phase, starting from April 2025, a 1% blending will be mandatory for use in automobiles and households.

Q: How does India plan to address its current dependency on natural gas imports?

A: India aims to reduce its dependency on natural gas imports by boosting domestic demand through the phased introduction of biogas blending. This initiative is designed to enhance energy self-sufficiency and mitigate the costs associated with importing natural gas.

Q: What are the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) targets set by the Indian government?

A: The government has set ambitious targets for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). By 2027, the goal is to have 1% SAF in aircraft turbine fuel, initially applicable to international flights. This percentage is expected to double to 2% by 2028.

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