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India’s Factory Output and Industrial Production Highlights

Factory output in India saw a notable rise, registering a growth of 4.9% in March, a significant leap from the 1.9% recorded in the same period the previous year. However, this figure fell slightly short of February 2024’s 5.7%. For the fiscal year 2023-24, the factory output grew by 5.8%, a marginal increase from the previous year. The uptick was particularly evident in manufacturing and construction goods output.

Sector-wise Analysis

Manufacturing: March 2024 witnessed manufacturing growth hitting a five-month high at 5.2%, contributing to a 5.5% growth for the entire fiscal year.

Mining: Conversely, the mining sector experienced a decline, dropping to 1.2% in March and 7.5% for the fiscal year, notably lower than the previous year’s performance.

Electricity Generation: The electricity generation sector saw expansion, growing by 8.6% in March and 7.1% for the entire fiscal year, indicating increased energy demand.

Consumer Goods Output

Consumer Durables: Output in this sector, reflecting consumption demand, grew by 9.5% in March, although it slightly decreased from February’s 12.4%.

Consumer Non-Durables: Fast-moving consumer goods saw a growth of 4.9% in March, rebounding from the negative growth observed in the previous month.

Industrial Production Growth Trends

Industrial production growth, measured by the Index of Industrial Production (IIP), declined to 4.9% in March 2024 from February’s 5.6%. However, it marked a significant improvement from March 2023’s 1.9%.

Challenges and Opportunities

The weak performance of the mining sector, plunging to 1.2% in March 2024 from 6.8% in the same period the previous year, was cited as a primary reason for the drop in IIP. Additionally, the capital goods segment growth fell to 6.1% in March 2024, indicating potential challenges in this area.

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