The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction, observed annually on the 13th of October, brings global attention to the critical issues of disasters and inequality. This day serves as a platform for creating awareness, educating communities, and promoting resilience in the face of natural and man-made disasters.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2023 Theme
The theme of UN International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2023 is “Fighting inequality for a resilient future.”
Significance of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
The observance of this day holds significant importance due to its various objectives:
Raising Awareness: International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction sheds light on both natural and man-made disasters and emphasizes the importance of preventive measures.
Education: Its primary purpose is to educate people about disaster risks and encourage proactive measures for risk reduction. Knowledge is key to preparedness.
Promoting Resilience: The day calls on governments, stakeholders, policy makers, and organizations to take robust steps towards building resilient communities. This includes constructing disaster-resistant infrastructure, enacting policies to aid disaster-affected individuals, and providing disaster management training.
History of International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction was started in 1989, after a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. Held every 13 October, the day celebrates how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face.
In 2015 at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, the international community was reminded that disasters hit hardest at the local level with the potential to cause loss of life and great social and economic upheaval. Sudden onset disasters displace millions of people every year. Disasters, many of which are exacerbated by climate change, have a negative impact on investment in sustainable development and the desired outcomes.
It is also at the local level that capacities need to be strengthened urgently. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is people-focussed and action-oriented in its approach to disaster risk reduction and applies to the risk of small-scale and large-scale disasters caused by man-made, or natural hazards, as well as related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks.