International Holocaust Remembrance Day 2023
Every year, International Holocaust Remembrance Day is observed on January 27 to reflect on the atrocities inflicted by Adolf Hitler, which resulted in the deaths of an estimated six million Jews. The day commemorates the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau in January 1945 from Nazi control.
2023 theme for Holocaust remembrance and education:
The theme “Home and Belonging” guides United Nations Holocaust remembrance and education in 2023. The theme highlights the humanity of the Holocaust victims and survivors, who had their home and sense of belonging ripped from them by the perpetrators of the Holocaust.
Holocaust Remembrance Day: Significance
The commemoration of Holocaust Memorial Day is important as it makes the world remember the killing of six million Jews, two-thirds of Europe’s Jewish population, and millions of others by the Nazi forces and their collaborators. The day is commemorated to encourage the development of educational programmes about Holocaust history to help prevent future acts of genocide. The day also encourages member nations of the UN to preserve sites that were used by the Nazis during the “Final Solution,” which include killing centers, concentration camps, and prisons.
Holocaust Memorial Day: History
During 1933–1945, Hitler’s German Nazi administration killed many ethnic groups, notably European Jews, whom he regarded as an inferior race. It is said that Jewish men, women, and children at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland faced the most heinous atrocities. The UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 60/7 not only to commemorate the “International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust,” but to reject any form of Holocaust denial.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights supports the resolution to condemn all forms of “religious intolerance, incitement, harassment, or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief” across the world.
Many of the participating countries have established their own Holocaust Remembrance Days. Argentina declared April 19, the day of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, as the national day for cultural diversity. Hungary announced April 16 as National Holocaust Remembrance Day. Whereas the US Days of Remembrance correspond to Yom Ha-Shoah, Israel’s annual Holocaust Remembrance Day.