|Parts of the constitution articles
||Articles and Definition
|| Subjects of the parts
- Article 1- Name and territory of the union
- Article 2- Admission and establishment of the new state.
- Article 3- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and names of existing states.
- Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution
- Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan
- Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship
- Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law
- Article 12 – Definition of the state
- Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
- Article 14 – Equality before the law.
- Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
- Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
- Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
- Article 18 – Abolition of titles.
- Article 19 – Guarantees to all the citizens the six rights and they are:
a – Freedom of speech and expression.
b – Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms.
c – Freedom to form associations or unions.
d – Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.
e – Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
f – Omitted
g – Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business.
- Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
- Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
- Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
- Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor.
- Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines.
- Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
- Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
- Article 27 – Freedom as to pay taxes for the promotion of any particular religion.
- Article 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction.
- Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities.
- Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
- Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
- Article 36 – Definition
- Article 37– Application of DPSP
- Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid
- Article 40 – Organization of a village panchayat
- Article 41 – Right to work, education, and public assistance in certain cases
- Article 43 – Living Wages, etc. for workers.
- Article 43A – Participation of workers in the management of industries.
- Article 44 – Uniform civil code.
- Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
- Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), and OBC.
- Article 47– Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
- Article 48 – Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
- Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
- Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.
- Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security.
|Part IV A
||It shall be the duty of every citizen of India
(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement
- Article 52 – The President of India
- Article 53 – Executive Power of the union
- Article 54 – Election of President
- Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President
- Article 63 – The Vice–president of India
- Article 64 – The Vice–President to be ex–officio chairman of n the council of States
- Article 66 – Election of Vice–president
- Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President
- Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President
- Article 76 – Attorney–General for India
- Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
- Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha
- Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha
- Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament
- Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people
- Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
- Article 109 – Special procedure concerning money bills
- Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills”
- Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget
- Article 114 –Appropriation Bills
- Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
- Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
- Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
- Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
- Article 127 – Appointment of ad–hoc judges
- Article 128 –Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
- Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record
- Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court
- Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
- Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
- Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court of India binding on all the courts
- Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India
- Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG
- Article 153 – Governors of State
- Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
- Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
- Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State
- Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
- Article 214 – High Courts for states
- Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
- Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
- Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
- Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts
||7th Amendment Act
- Article 239 – Administration of Union territories.
- Article 239A – Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories.
- Article 239AA – Special provisions concerning Delhi.
- Article 239AB – Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery.
- Article 239B – Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature.
- Article 240 – Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories.
- Article 241 – High Courts for Union territories.
- Article 242 – Coorg
- Article 243A – Gram Sabha
- Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
- Article 243P – Definitions.
- Article 243Q – Constitution of Municipalities.
- Article 243R – Composition of Municipalities.
- Article 243S – Constitution and composition of Wards Committees, etc.
- Article 243T – Reservation of seats.
- Article 243U – Duration of Municipalities, etc.
- Article 243V -Disqualifications for membership.
- Article 243W – Powers, authority, and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc.
- Article 243X – Power to impose taxes by, and Funds of, the Municipalities.
- Article 243Y – Finance Commission.
- Article 243Z – Audit of accounts of Municipalities.
- Article 243ZA – Elections to the Municipalities.
- Article 243ZB – Application to Union territories.
- Article 243ZC – Part not to apply to certain areas.
- Article 243ZD – Committee for district planning.
- Article 243ZE – Committee for Metropolitan planning.
- Article 243ZF – Continuance of existing laws and Municipalities.
- Article 243ZG – Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters.
|Part IX B
- Article 243ZH – Definitions.
- Article 243ZI – Incorporation of co-operative societies.
- Article 243ZJ – Number and term of members of the board and its office bearers.
- Article 243ZK – Election of members of the board.
- Article 243ZL – Supersession and suspension of the board and interim management.
- Article 243ZM – Audit of accounts of co-operative societies.
- Article 243ZN – Convening of general body meetings.
- Article 243ZO – Right of a member to get information.
- Article 243ZP – Returns.
- Article 243ZQ – Offences and penalties.
- Article 243ZR – Application to multi-State co-operative societies.
- Article 243ZS – Application to Union territories.
- Article 243ZT – Continuance of existing laws.
- Article 244- Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas
|Scheduled Tribe areas
- Article 245 – Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
- Article 246 – Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States.
- Article 246A – Special provision concerning goods and services tax.
- Article 247 – Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts.
- Article 248 – Residuary powers of legislation.
- Article 249 – Power of Parliament to legislate concerning a matter in the State List in the national interest.
- Article 250 – Power of Parliament to legislate concerning any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation.
- Article 251 – Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
- Article 252 – Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State.
- Article 253 – Legislation for giving effect to international agreements.
- Article 254 – Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States.
- Article 255 – Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only.
- Article 256 – Obligation of States and the Union.
- Article 257 – Control of the Union over States in certain cases.
- Article 257A – Assistance to States by the deployment of armed forces or other forces of the Union.
- Article 258 – Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases.
- Article 258A – Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union.
- Article 259 – Armed Forces in States in Part B of the First Schedule.
- Article 260 – Jurisdiction of the Union about territories outside India.
- Article 261 – Public acts, records, and judicial proceedings.
- Article 262 – Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys.
- Article 263 – Provisions concerning an inter-State Council.
|Relation of Union and states
- Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
- Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
- Article 280 – Finance Commission
- Article 300 A – Right to property
|Properties, finance, suits, and contracts
- Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse
- Article 302 – Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.
|Trade, commerce, and communication between the territories of India
- Article 312 – All– India–Service
· Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and the states
- Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission
|Services under the union and states
|Part XIV A
- Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals
- Article 324 – Superintendence, direction, and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission
- Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex
- Article 326 – Elections to the house of the people and the legislative assemblies of states to be based on adult suffrage
- Article 338 – National Commission for the SC & ST
- Article 340 – Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes special
|Special provisions for certain classes
- Article 343 – Official languages of the Union
- Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state
- Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and the High Courts
- Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages
- Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)
- Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
- Article 360 – Financial Emergency
- Article 361 – Protection of President and Governors
- Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution amendment
|Amendment of constitution
- Article 370 – Temporary Provision for the erstwhile State of J&K
- Article 371 A – Special provision concerning the State of Nagaland
- Article 371 J – Special Status for Hyderabad–Karnataka region
|Temporary and special provision
- Article 393 –This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India
|Commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi