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International Migrants Day 2023: Date, Theme, History and Significance

International Migrants Day 2023, observed annually on December 18, serves as a global platform to recognize and appreciate the significant contributions of migrants while shedding light on the challenges they face. This day serves as a reminder to reflect on and celebrate the invaluable contributions of millions of migrants worldwide, recognizing their role as dynamic agents for the development in both their countries of origin and destination.

International Migrants Day 2023 – Theme

The theme for International Migrants Day 2023 is “Promoting Safe Migration.” Through this theme, the United Nations calls for nations to affirm their dedication to upholding the human rights of all migrants, irrespective of their legal standing. The objective is to actively combat xenophobia and endorse legislation that condemns the exploitation of migrant workers. Additionally, the theme expressed solidarity with nations that provide assistance, shelter or welcome migrants.

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International Migrants Day 2023 – Historical Background

The history of International Migrants Day traces back to December 4, 2000, when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) officially proclaimed December 18 as a day dedicated to migrants. The decision was influenced by the growing number of migrants worldwide. Notably, on the same day in 1990, the UNGA adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

Significance of International Migrants Day 2023

According to the United Nations, migrants and displayed individuals, regardless of the reasons for their movement, represent some of the most vulnerable and marginalized members of society. They often face abuse, exploitation, limited access to essential services and xenophobia fueled by misinformation. The day serves as a reminder of the urgent need for global solidarity to address these challenges.

Countries with Higher Migration Rates

On this International Migration Day, it is crucial to acknowledge the countries with the highest migration rates. The United States tops the list, with over 15% of its 331.4 million population being foreign-born. Mexico constitutes the leading origin country for U.S. immigrants, accounting for around 25% of the immigrant population.

Germany (15.8 million) and Saudi Arabia (13.5 million) follow the United States in terms of immigrant populations. Meanwhile, India leads the list for the largest number of natives living abroad, with 17.9 million people, followed by Mexico (11.2 million) and Russia (10.8 million).

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. When did International Migrants Day observed?

Sol. International Migrants Day, observed annually on December 18.

Q2. What is the theme for International Migrants Day 2023?

Sol. The theme for the International Day 2023 is “Promoting Safe Migration.”

Q3. Why was December 18 chosen for International Migrants Day?

Sol. To recognize and appreciate the contributions of migrants and address the challenges they face.

Q4. Which country has the highest percentage of foreign-born population?

Sol. United States (over 15%) has the highest percentage of foreign-born population.

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