Which Countries Supported Israel?
In a recent development, there has been a significant uptick in worldwide support for Israel, with a total of 84 countries openly declaring their endorsement. Among these nations are prominent players such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, France, Norway, Austria, Germany, India, Canada, Poland, Spain, and even the European Union as a collective entity. The majority of these countries have affirmed their backing of Israel’s legitimate right to self-defense, particularly in the face of challenges presented by groups like Hamas.
Understanding “which countries are supporting Israel” and the intricacies of the Hamas-Israel conflict is paramount to grasp the current Middle East dynamics. With 84 nations backing Israel and several others supporting Hamas, the situation remains intricate. As the geopolitical landscape continues to shift, staying informed is more important than ever.
Which countries are supporting Israel?
Amid the ongoing conflict between Israel and the Palestinian group Hamas, which has entered its third day on Monday, nations across the globe have demonstrated their support for Israel, while others have extended their backing to the Palestinian armed group.
|Countries Supporting Israel||Countries Supporting Not Supporting Isreal|
International Recognition of Israel
The establishment of the State of Israel occurred through the Israeli Declaration of Independence on 14 May 1948, and it gained full membership in the United Nations (UN) on 11 May 1949. As of December 2020, approximately 85% of the total UN member states, amounting to 165 countries, have diplomatically recognized Israel. The nation also maintains bilateral relations with all members of the Permanent Five. Conversely, 28 member states have either never acknowledged Israel or have withdrawn their recognition. Some countries have severed diplomatic ties without explicitly retracting their acknowledgment. Furthermore, several non-recognizing nations, particularly those in the Muslim world, have contested Israel’s existence, primarily due to deep-seated animosity arising from the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the Arab–Israeli conflict.
Foreign Relations of Israel
Israel has diplomatic relations with 164 out of 192 UN member states as of December 2020 and is a member of various international organizations. Notably, it has peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan and established diplomatic ties with four Arab League countries in 2020. Israel’s foreign relations are shaped by its strategic position, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and tensions with Iran. The nation aims to overcome diplomatic isolation, achieve recognition, and build friendly relations worldwide through open and secret diplomacy. Key foreign policy goals include fostering Jewish immigration, aiding developing countries, and ensuring the well-being of Jewish communities globally.
The longstanding alliance with the United States is pivotal, and historical ties with Iran existed until 1979. Israel has maintained warm relations with China, balancing ties between Israel and the Muslim world. The European Union’s growing influence has raised concerns, leading to enhanced relations with countries like Greece, Cyprus, China, and India. While relations with some countries like Turkey have been strained, ties with Egypt have improved over time.
Membership in international organizations
Israel’s initial foray into international organizations took place in the early days of 1949 when it became a member of the International Wheat Council under the Point Four Program. Subsequently, Israel has maintained its membership in the United Nations since May 11, 1949.
Israel actively participates in various UN agencies, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). In addition, Israel engages with international bodies such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Health Organization (WHO). However, in 2019, Israel, in coordination with the United States, withdrew from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Within UNESCO, Israel was actively involved in numerous international programs and organizations related to science, including the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the International Hydrological Programme (IHP), the International Centre for Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science Applications in the Middle East (SESAME), and the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP).
Israel’s engagement extends to various other organizations, including the Education For All movement, the European Centre for Higher Education (CEPES), the World Heritage Committee (WHC), the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), and the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). These relations are managed through the Israeli National Commission for UNESCO.
Israel has been a member of the European Union’s Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development (FP) since 1994, participating in entities such as the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO), and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). Additionally, Israel has been a member of the Bank for International Settlement (BIS) since 2003.
In 2010, Israel received an invitation to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Furthermore, Israel is part of NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue forum and, as of 2014, a member of the Paris Club.
After more than 50 years of not being associated with a regional grouping in the UN, Israel joined the Western European and Others group temporarily in 2000 and became a permanent member in 2014.
Diplomatic relations of Israel
After the formation of the State of Israel in 1948, the country faced boycotts from the Arab League and efforts to diplomatically isolate it. As of 2020, Israel maintains diplomatic relations with 164 out of the other 192 member states of the United Nations, as well as with the Holy See, Kosovo, the Cook Islands, and Niue. Some nations recognize Israel as a state but do not have diplomatic ties. While certain countries once had diplomatic relations with Israel, they have since terminated or suspended them. For instance, Cuba and Venezuela in Latin America, Mauritania in the Arab League, Mali and Niger in non-Arab Africa, the Maldives in South Asia, and Iran until the Islamic revolution. Additionally, some countries, all members of the Arab League, previously had formal economic ties (mostly trade offices) with Israel that fell short of full diplomatic relations, but later severed such ties (Morocco, Oman, Qatar, and Tunisia; however, Morocco renewed ties and established diplomatic relations in 2020).
List of countries with which Israel maintains diplomatic relations with
|1||Guatemala||15 May 1948|
|2||Nicaragua||18 May 1948|
|3||Uruguay||18 May 1948|
|4||Poland||19 May 1948|
|5||Hungary||24 May 1948|
|6||Russia||26 May 1948|
|7||El Salvador||May 1948|
|8||Romania||11 June 1948|
|9||Czech Republic||3 July 1948|
|10||Serbia||25 November 1948|
|11||Bulgaria||29 November 1948|
|12||Australia||29 January 1949|
|13||Dominican Republic||January 1949|
|15||United States||28 March 1949|
|16||France||11 May 1949|
|17||Argentina||31 May 1949|
|19||Belgium||15 January 1950|
|20||Luxembourg||16 January 1950|
|21||Netherlands||16 January 1950|
|22||Italy||22 January 1950|
|25||United Kingdom||27 April 1950|
|26||Chile||16 May 1950|
|27||Denmark||12 July 1950|
|28||Sweden||12 July 1950|
|29||Norway||19 July 1950|
|30||Finland||14 November 1950|
|31||Iceland||10 December 1950|
|32||New Zealand||17 January 1951|
|33||Switzerland||25 June 1951|
|34||Japan||15 May 1952|
|35||Mexico||1 July 1952|
|—||Venezuela (suspended)||21 November 1952|
|36||Myanmar||13 July 1953|
|37||Thailand||28 June 1954|
|38||Canada||28 July 1954|
|39||Costa Rica||22 October 1954|
|40||Austria||21 February 1956|
|41||Ecuador||18 June 1957|
|42||Colombia||1 July 1957|
|43||Philippines||9 August 1957|
|46||Peru||1 January 1958|
|47||Sri Lanka||1 January 1958|
|48||Haiti||12 September 1958|
|49||Cambodia||16 February 1959|
|50||Guinea||24 August 1959|
|51||Nepal||1 June 1960|
|52||Democratic Republic of the Congo||26 June 1960|
|—||Mali (suspended)||28 June 1960|
|53||Madagascar||1 July 1960|
|54||Cyprus||17 August 1960|
|57||Republic of the Congo||9 November 1960|
|58||Senegal||10 November 1960|
|59||Gabon||15 November 1960|
|60||Chad||10 January 1961|
|—||Bolivia (suspended)||26 April 1961|
|61||Ivory Coast||24 May 1961|
|62||Sierra Leone||1 June 1961|
|63||Burkina Faso||5 July 1961|
|64||Ethiopia||24 October 1961|
|—||Niger (suspended)||9 November 1961|
|65||Central African Republic||10 November 1961|
|66||Tanzania||20 November 1961|
|67||Benin||5 December 1961|
|68||Trinidad and Tobago||January 1962|
|69||South Korea||10 April 1962|
|70||Rwanda||1 July 1962|
|71||Jamaica||29 August 1962|
|72||Burundi||22 December 1962|
|73||Kenya||10 December 1963|
|74||Ireland||25 January 1964|
|75||Malawi||15 July 1964|
|76||Cameroon||4 September 1964|
|77||Zambia||17 March 1965|
|78||Germany||10 May 1965|
|79||Gambia||3 June 1965|
|—||Maldives (suspended)||29 October 1965|
|82||Lesotho||4 October 1966|
|83||Barbados||29 August 1967|
|84||Mauritius||23 April 1968|
|87||Singapore||11 May 1969|
|88||Fiji||10 October 1970|
|89||Samoa||30 May 1972|
|91||Bahamas||24 September 1974|
|93||South Africa||January 1975|
|94||Suriname||24 February 1976|
|95||Panama||18 June 1976|
|96||Portugal||12 May 1977|
|99||Papua New Guinea||1 May 1978|
|100||Saint Lucia||January 1979|
|101||Egypt||26 March 1979|
|102||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||January 1981|
|103||Antigua and Barbuda||22 June 1983|
|104||Saint Kitts and Nevis||January 1984|
|105||Kiribati||21 May 1984|
|107||Belize||11 March 1985|
|108||Spain||17 January 1986|
|109||Marshall Islands||16 September 1987|
|110||Federated States of Micronesia||23 November 1988|
|111||Solomon Islands||1 January 1989|
|112||Greece||21 May 1990|
|113||Albania||19 August 1991|
|114||Mongolia||2 October 1991|
|115||Ukraine||26 December 1991|
|116||Latvia||6 January 1992|
|117||Lithuania||8 January 1992|
|118||Estonia||9 January 1992|
|119||India||21 January 1992|
|120||China||25 January 1992|
|121||Uzbekistan||21 February 1992|
|122||Kyrgyzstan||4 March 1992|
|123||Guyana||9 March 1992|
|124||Belarus||26 March 1992|
|125||Tajikistan||26 March 1992|
|126||Armenia||4 April 1992|
|127||Azerbaijan||7 April 1992|
|128||Kazakhstan||10 April 1992|
|129||Angola||16 April 1992|
|130||Slovenia||28 April 1992|
|131||Liechtenstein||5 May 1992|
|132||Georgia||1 June 1992|
|133||Moldova||22 June 1992|
|134||Seychelles||30 June 1992|
|135||Slovakia||1 January 1993|
|136||Eritrea||24 May 1993|
|137||Vietnam||12 July 1993|
|138||Mozambique||26 July 1993|
|139||Vanuatu||16 September 1993|
|140||Turkmenistan||8 October 1993|
|141||São Tomé and Príncipe||16 November 1993|
|142||Zimbabwe||26 November 1993|
|143||Laos||6 December 1993|
|144||Namibia||21 January 1994|
|145||Guinea-Bissau||10 March 1994|
|146||Andorra||13 April 1994|
|—||Holy See||15 June 1994|
|147||Cape Verde||27 July 1994|
|148||Palau||2 October 1994|
|149||Jordan||26 October 1994|
|151||Morocco||1 September 1995|
|152||San Marino||30 October 1995|
|153||North Macedonia||7 December 1995|
|154||Croatia||4 September 1997|
|155||Bosnia and Herzegovina||4 September 1997|
|—||Mauritania (suspended)||28 October 1999|
|156||East Timor||May 2002|
|157||Montenegro||12 July 2006|
|158||Monaco||30 November 2006|
|—||Cook Islands||April 2008|
|159||South Sudan||28 July 2011|
|160||Bahrain||11 September 2020|
|161||United Arab Emirates||11 September 2020|
|162||Bhutan||12 December 2020|
|—||Kosovo||1 February 2021|
|—||Niue||3 August 2023|
Israel No Diplomatic Relations
As of 2020, diplomatic relations with Israel are not maintained by 28 United Nations member states. The periods during which former relations existed are indicated in parentheses:
- Africa: Algeria, Comoros, Djibouti, Libya, Mali (1960–1973), Mauritania (2000–2009), Niger (1960–1973, 1996–2002), Somalia, Tunisia (trade relations 1996–2000) (Algeria, Libya, and Somalia do not acknowledge Israel.)
- Americas: Cuba (1950–1973), Venezuela (1950–2009), and Bolivia (1950–2009; 2019–2023)
- East Asia: North Korea (Does not recognize Israel as a state.)
- Middle East: Iran (1948–1951, 1953–1979), Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman (trade relations 1996–2000), Qatar (trade relations 1996–2009), Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen do not recognize Israel as a state.)
- South and Central Asia: Afghanistan and Bangladesh, Maldives (1965–1974), Pakistan (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan do not recognize Israel as a state.)
- Southeast Asia: Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia
States and Entities Without Diplomatic Relations with Israel
Israel maintains no diplomatic relations with the following states or entities:
- Taiwan (Republic of China): While Taiwan recognizes Israel, official diplomatic relations are absent due to Israel’s acknowledgment of the People’s Republic of China. Unofficial relations exist.
- States with Limited Recognition: Israel does not recognize the independence of the following entities, and therefore, diplomatic relations are nonexistent: Abkhazia, Artsakh, Northern Cyprus, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Somaliland, South Ossetia, Transnistria.
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Israel lacks diplomatic relations with the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
- The nation of Comoros does not maintain official diplomatic ties with Israel. However, the two countries actively engage in mutual trade relations.
- Furthermore, Israeli citizens are permitted entry into North Korea using their Israeli passports. Similar to other foreign visitors, they are required to deposit their passports with local authorities and use specially issued local documents during their stay.
As of December 2020, Israel is recognized by 165 out of 193 UN member states, while 28 countries, including 15 members of the Arab League, 10 non-Arab members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and Cuba, North Korea, and Venezuela, do not recognize Israel. The Arab League proposed recognizing Israel in 2002 as part of the Arab Peace Initiative. The Abraham Accords in September 2020 between Israel, the UAE, and Bahrain were criticized by the Palestinian National Authority as a betrayal to the Palestinian cause.
Certain countries, such as Bangladesh, Brunei, Iran, Iraq, and Pakistan, do not accept Israeli passports for travel. Additionally, 13 countries, including Algeria, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia, do not accept Israeli passports, and some also reject passports with Israeli visas or stamps. To address this, Israeli immigration avoids stamping passports and instead uses separate inserts.
Some countries prohibit direct flights and overflights to and from Israel. However, in August 2020, the UAE allowed direct flights from Israel, and Saudi Arabia and Bahrain authorized overflights. In October 2020, Israel and Jordan agreed to permit flights to cross over both countries’ airspace.
In 2017, the Israeli flag and anthem were banned at the International Judo Federation in Abu Dhabi, but the ban was lifted in 2018. In December 2017, seven Israelis were denied visas by Saudi Arabia for an international chess tournament.