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List of total High Courts in India 2023

In the Indian legal system, the High Courts occupy a prestigious role as the highest appellate courts within specific states or Union Territories. According to Article 214 of the Indian Constitution, each state or Union Territory is required to have at least one High Court. Furthermore, Article 231 allows for the establishment of a unified High Court to cater to the legal needs of multiple states. Currently, India boasts a total of 25 High Courts, each playing a vital role in the nation’s legal framework.

List of High Courts in India

There are total 25 High Courts in India. The oldest High Courts are Bombay High Court, Madras High Court and Kolkata High Court which were established in 1862 and the newest one is Andhra Pradesh High Court which is established in 2019.

Here is the list of High Court of India:

S. NO. Name Year of Establishment Territorial Jurisdiction Seat & Bench
1. Bombay 1862 Maharashtra

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu


Seat: Mumbai

Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad and Nagpur

2. Kolkata 1862 West Bengal

Andaman & Nicobar Island

Seat: Kolkata

Bench: Port Blair

3. Madras 1862 Tamil Nadu


Seat: Chennai

Bench: Madurai

4. Allahabad 1866 Uttar Pradesh Seat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

5. Karnataka 1884 Karnataka Seat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga

6. Patna 1916 Bihar Patna
7. Guhawati 1948 Assam



Arunachal Pradesh

Seat: Guhawati

Bench: Kohima, Aizwal and Itanagar.

8. Odissa 1949 Odissa Odissa
9. Rajasthan 1949 Rajasthan Seat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

10. Madhya Pradesh 1956 Madhya Pradesh Seat: Jabalpur

Bench: Gwalior and Indore

11. Kerala 1958 Kerala & Lakshadweep Ernakulam
12. Gujarat 1960 Gujarat Ahmedabad
13. Delhi 1966 Delhi Delhi
14. Himachal Pradesh 1971 Himachal Pradesh Shimla
15. Punjab & Haryana 1975 Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh Chandigarh
16. Sikkim 1975 Sikkim Gangtok
17. Chhattisgarh 2000 Chhattisgarh Bilaspur
18. Uttarakhand 2000 Uttarakhand Nainital
19. Jharkhand 2000 Jharkhand Ranchi
20. Tripura 2013 Tripura Agartala
21. Manipur 2013 Manipur Imphal
22. Meghalaya 2013 Meghalaya Shillong
23. Telangana 2019 Telangana Hyderabad
24. Andhra Pradesh 2019 Andhra Pradesh Amravati
25. Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh (NOTE: Jammu & Kashmir High Court established in 1928. Post-bifurcation of J&K into two UTs; there is now a common High Court.) 2019 Jammu and Kashmir




Key Points related to High Courts

  • The oldest High Court of India is Calcutta High Court (now Kolkata), established in The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year.
  • Three Chartered High Courts of India are: Calcutta, Bombay and Madras High Courts.
  • The newest High Courts are the Telangana High Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, established in the year 2019.
  • The Madras Law Journal, published by the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India dedicated to reporting judgements of a Court (1891).

Appointment of the Judges

  • Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President with the consultation of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
  • The other judges are appointed by the President, Governor and the Chief Justice of the High Court.


  • He should be a citizen of India.
  • He should have been an advocate in one or more High Courts or a judge for at least 10 years in subordinate courts in India.


Initially the retirement age of the judges of High Courts was 60 but it was raised to 62 in 1963 by the 15th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1963.


  • The salary of Chief Justice of High Courts in India is 2,80,000 per month.
  • The salary of other judges is 2,50,000 per month.


  • A judge may leave his office by sending a resignation letter to the President.
  • His office would be considered to have been vacated if he is appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court or is transferred to some other High Court.
  • The High Court’s Judge may also be removed by Impeachment process.

Powers and Functions of High Courts

  • Every High Court has the power to issue writs of habeus corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo-warranto and certiorari for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights or the other purposes.
  • Every High Court has superintendence over all Courts and Tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction.
  • High Courts can transfer the cases of subordinate courts.
  • High Courts have control over their subordinate courts.
  • High Court has original and appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters as matters conferred by the Codes of Civil and Criminal Procedure and the Letters of Patent.

Important terms related to High Courts

  • Tribunal: A tribunal, is any person or institution, with authority to judge, adjudicate on, or determine claims or disputes- whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title.
  • Permanent Bench: A permanent bench comprises of one or more High Court Judges who sit yearlong at a particular location that is different from the permanent seat of the High Court.
  • Circuit Bench: Circuit Benches are temporary courts which hold proceedings for a few selected months in a year.
  • Division Bench: Division Bench is a term in which a case is heard and judged by at least 2 judges.
  • Full Bench: Full Bench means a bench comprising three or more judges as may be nominated by the Chief Justice.

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Which are the oldest Highest Courts in India?

The oldest High Courts are Bombay High Court, Madras High Court and Kolkata High Court which were established in 1862

Which are the newest High Courts in India?

The Telangana High Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court are the newest High Courts in India, established in 2019.

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