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Smallest National Park in India, Check the List of Top-10

National parks, often associated with vast landscapes and sprawling wilderness, also come in smaller packages that pack a punch in terms of biodiversity and natural beauty. In this article, we will embark on a journey to discover some of the smallest national parks in the world, showcasing that size is no obstacle when it comes to preserving and appreciating our planet’s diverse ecosystems.

India’s Smallest National Park

South Button Island National Park, nestled in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, holds the title of India’s smallest national park. Among the 108 national parks in the country, this marine sanctuary spans a mere 5 square kilometers. A jewel within the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, it contributes to the rich biodiversity of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, boasting a unique ecosystem within its compact boundaries. In this pristine marine environment, nature thrives, showcasing the importance of even the smallest protected areas.

List of Smallest National Park in India

South Button Island National Park holds the title of the smallest national park in India which is established in 1987, followed by Fossil National Park, Middle Button Island National Park and North Button Island National Park.

Here is the list of top-10 smallest national parks in India:

Smallest National Parks in India
S. No. National Park Establishment Area
1. South Button Island National Park 1987 0.03 sq. km
2. Fossil National Park 1983 0.27 sq.km
3. Middle Button Island National Park 1987 0.44 sq. km
4. North Button Island National Park 1987 0.44 sq. km
5. Dinosaur Fossils National Park 2011 0.897 sq. km
6. Pambadum Shola National Park 2003 1.318 sq. km
7. Sultanpur National Park 1989 1.43 sq. km
8. Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park 1994 1.43 sq. km
9. Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park 2005 2.4 sq. km
10. Guindy National Park 1976 2.82 sq. km

Smallest National Park in India – South Button Island National Park

 

Establishment: 1987

Area: 0.03 sq. km

South Button Island National Parks, nestled in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, is India’s smallest national park, covering a mere 0.03 square kilometers. It is part of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park, along with neighboring North Button and Middle Button Islands. These protected areas collectively contribute to the conservation of the region’s marine biodiversity.

India’s Second Smallest National Park – Fossil National Park

Establishment: 1983

Area: 0.27 sq. km

The Fossil National Park is located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in the district of Mandla. It majorly contains plan fossils of vegetation that is said to be around 40 to 150 million years old. The fossils displayed here are collected from the surrounding villages of Chanti-hills, Ghughua, Deorakhurd, Deori Kohani, Barbaspur, Umaria and Charagaon.

Third Smallest National Park of India – Middle Button Island National Park

Establishment: 1987

Area: 0.44 sq. km

Middle Button Island National Park, established in 1987, is situated approximately 200 km northeast of Port Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. covering a total area of 0.44 square km, it along with North Button and South Button Islands, forms an integral part of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park along the South Andaman Island’s coast.

Fourth Smallest National Park in India – North Button Island National Park

Establishment: 1987

Area: 0.44 square km

North Button Island National Park, established in 1987, lies along the coast of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India, spanning about 44 square miles. Located 16 km from Long Island, it is renowned for diverse marine life, including dugongs and dolphins. The park’s warm and humid tropical environment is best explored between December and March.

India’s Fifth Smallest National Park – Dinosaur Fossils National Park

Establishment: 2011

Area: 0.897 square km

Ghughua Fossil Park also known as Dinosaur Fossils National Park, located near Shahpur in Madhya Pradesh, India, is a National Park known for its rich fossil collection. Establishment in the 2011 by Dr. Dharmendra Prasad, the park was declared a National Park in 1983. Fossils from 31 plant genera across 18 families, including palm fossils dating back 65 million years, showcase the area’s ancient botanical history.

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FAQs

Which is the smallest national park in India?

South Button Island National Park holds the title of the smallest national park in India which is established in 1987.

Which is the second smallest national park in India?

The Fossil National Park, the second smallest national park in India, is located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in the district of Mandla.

Name the top-5 smallest national parks in India.

The top-5 smallest national parks in India are - South Button Island National Park, Fossil National Park, Middle Button Island National Park, North Button Island National Park and Dinosaur Fossils National Park.