Every year 2nd October is celebrated as a Gandhi Jayanti to remember the birth anniversary of the father of our nation Mahatma Gandhi. The year 2021 marks the 152nd birth anniversary of the global peace icon who was born on 2 October 1869, in Porbandar in Gujarat. This day is referred to as Gandhi Jayanti in India.
On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence. The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The International Day is an occasion to “disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness”.
The leadership of Mahatma Gandhi:
Gandhi, who helped lead India to independence, has been the inspiration for non-violent movements for civil rights and social change across the world. Throughout his life, Gandhi remained committed to his belief in non-violence even under oppressive conditions and in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.
The theory behind his actions, which included encouraging massive civil disobedience to British law as with the historic Salt March of 1930, was that “just means lead to just ends”; that is, it is irrational to try to use violence to achieve a peaceful society. He believed that Indians must not use violence or hatred in their fight for freedom from colonialism.
Gandhi Jayanti 2021: Significance
Gandhi was a preacher of non-violence. He had also played a major role in the Indian independence movement. On 6th July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhi as “The Father of the Nation” and on 28 April 1947, Sarojini Naidu during a conference also referred to Gandhi as “Father of the Nation.” Few Important events done by Mahatma Gandhi are listed below:
- 1913 – Gandhi’s activism and arrest in South Africa
- 1917 – Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram
- 1920-1922 – Non-Cooperation Movement
- 1921 – Gandhi was given exclusive authority over the Indian National Congress
- 1930 – Salt (Dandi) March
- 1942 – Quit India Movement
- 1947 – British Declared Indian Independence
Some of the books written by Mahatma Gandhi are:
- The Story of My Experiments with Truth
- The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism
- Peace: The Words and Inspiration of Mahatma Gandhi (Me-We)